Volume 642, October 2020
|Number of page(s)||10|
|Section||Galactic structure, stellar clusters and populations|
|Published online||23 October 2020|
Diffusion of radial action in a galactic disc
LUPM, Univ Montpellier, CNRS, Montpellier, France
Accepted: 1 September 2020
Context. The stellar migration of the galactic disc stars has been invoked to explain the dispersion of stellar metallicity observed in the solar neighbourhood.
Aims. We seek to identify the dynamical mechanisms underlying stellar migration in an isolated galaxy disc under the influence of a bar. Our approach is to analyse the diffusion of dynamical quantities.
Methods. We extend our previous work by exploring Chirikov’s diffusion rate (and derived timescale) of the radial action JR in an idealised N-body simulation of an isolated disc galaxy. We limit our study to the evolution of the disc region well after the formation of the bar, in a regime of adiabatic evolution.
Results. The JR diffusion timescale TD(JR) is less than 3 Gyr for roughly half the galaxy mass. It is always much shorter than the angular momentum diffusion timescale TD(Lz) outside the stellar bar. In the disc, ⟨TD(JR)⟩ ∼ 1 Gyr. All non-axisymmetric morphological structures that are characteristic of resonances and waves in the disc are associated to particles with TD(JR) < 3 Gyr and TD(Lz) > 10 Gyr. Short TD(JR) can be explained by the gradual de-circularisation of initially circular orbits (JR = 0) under the effect of intermittent. Inner Linblad resonance scattering by wave trains propagating in the disc, well beyond the outer Lindblad resonance of the bar (OLR). This leads to a moderate secular heating of the disc beyond the bar’s OLR for 7 Gyr, which is comparable to solar neighbourhood observations. The complex multi-wave structure, mixing permanent and intermittent modes, allows for multiple resonance overlaps.
Key words: Galaxy: disk / Galaxy: evolution / Galaxy: kinematics and dynamics / Galaxy: structure
© H. Wozniak 2020
Open Access article, published by EDP Sciences, under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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