Volume 642, October 2020
|Number of page(s)||8|
|Published online||09 October 2020|
EeV astrophysical neutrinos from flat spectrum radio quasars
INAF – Osservatorio Astronomico di Brera, Via E. Bianchi 46, 23807 Merate, Italy
2 DESY, Platanenallee 6, 15738 Zeuthen, Germany
3 Gran Sasso Science Institute (GSSI), Viale F. Crispi 7, 67100 L’Aquila, Italy
4 INFN, Laboratori Nazionali del Gran Sasso (LNGS), 67100 Assergi, L’Aquila, Italy
Accepted: 14 June 2020
Context. Flat-spectrum radio quasars (FSRQs) are the most powerful blazars in the γ-ray band. Although they are supposed to be good candidates in producing high-energy neutrinos, no secure detection of FSRQs has been obtained to date, except for a possible case of PKS B1424-418.
Aims. In this work, our aim was to compute the expected flux of high-energy neutrinos from FSRQs using standard assumptions for the properties of the radiation fields filling the regions surrounding the central supermassive black hole.
Methods. Starting from the FSRQ spectral sequence, we computed the neutrino spectrum assuming interaction of relativistic protons with internal and external radiation fields. We studied the neutrino spectra resulting from different values of free parameters
Results. The result we obtained is that high-energy neutrinos are naturally expected from FSRQs in the sub-EeV–EeV energy range and not at PeV energies. This justifies the non-observation of neutrinos from FSRQs with the present technology, since only neutrinos below 10 PeV have been observed. We found that for a non-negligible range of the parameters, the cumulative flux from FSRQs is comparable to or even exceeds the expected cosmogenic neutrino flux. This result is intriguing and highlights the importance of disentangling these point-source emissions from the diffuse cosmogenic background.
Key words: neutrinos / BL Lacertae objects: general / radiation mechanisms: non-thermal / astroparticle physics
© ESO 2020
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