Volume 641, September 2020
|Number of page(s)||17|
|Section||Planets and planetary systems|
|Published online||18 September 2020|
High-resolution transmission spectroscopy of MASCARA-2 b with EXPRES
Observatoire de Genève,
Chemin des Maillettes 51,
2 Center for Space and Habitability, Universität Bern, Gesellschaftsstrasse 6, 3012 Bern, Switzerland
3 Yale University, 52 Hillhouse, New Haven, CT 06511, USA
4 DTU Space, National Space Institute, Technical University of Denmark, Elektrovej 328, 2800 Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark
5 University of Warwick, Department of Physics, Astronomy & Astrophysics Group, Coventry CV4 7AL, UK
Accepted: 17 April 2020
We report detections of atomic species in the atmosphere of MASCARA-2 b, using the first transit observations obtained with the newly commissioned EXPRES spectrograph. EXPRES is a highly stabilized optical echelle spectrograph, designed to detect stellar reflex motions with amplitudes down to 30 cm s−1, and has recently been deployed at the Lowell Discovery Telescope. By analyzing the transmission spectrum of the ultra-hot Jupiter MASCARA-2 b using the cross-correlation method, we confirm previous detections of Fe I, Fe II, and Na I, which likely originate in the upper regions of the inflated atmosphere. In addition, we report significant detections of Mg I and Cr II. The absorption strengths change slightly with time, possibly indicating different temperatures and chemistry in the day- and nightside terminators. Using the effective stellar line-shape variation induced by the transiting planet, we constrain the projected spin-orbit misalignment of the system to 1.6 ± 3.1 degrees, consistent with an aligned orbit. We demonstrate that EXPRES joins a suite of instruments capable of phase-resolved spectroscopy of exoplanet atmospheres.
Key words: instrumentation: spectrographs / planets and satellites: atmospheres / techniques: spectroscopic / planets and satellites: gaseous planets
© ESO 2020
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