Volume 640, August 2020
|Number of page(s)||5|
|Section||Letters to the Editor|
|Published online||28 July 2020|
Letter to the Editor
Detection of the magnetar XTE J1810−197 at 150 and 260 GHz with the NIKA2 kinetic inductance detector camera
Instituto de Radioastronomía Milimétrica (IRAM), Avda. Divina Pastora 7, Local 20, 18012 Granada, Spain
2 East Asian Observatory, 660 N. A’ohoku Place, University Park, Hilo, HI 96720, USA
3 Laboratoire de Physique Subatomique et de Cosmologie, Université Grenoble-Alpes, CNRS, 53 Av. des Martyrs, 38026 Grenoble, France
4 Institut d’Astrophysique Spatiale (IAS), CNRS and Université Paris-Sud, Bâtiment 121, Orsay, France
5 Laboratoire de Physique de l’École Normale Supérieure, ENS, 24 rue Lhomond, 75005 Paris, France
6 Institut de Radioastronomie Millimétrique (IRAM), 300 rue de la Piscine, 38406 St. Martin d’Hères, France
7 Institut Néel, CNRS and Université Grenoble-Alpes, 25 rue des Martyrs BP 166, 38042 Grenoble, France
8 LESIA, Observatoire de Paris, Université PSL, CNRS, Sorbonne Université, Université de Paris, 5 place Jules Janssen, 92195 Meudon, France
9 Max-Planck-Institut für Radioastronomie, Auf dem Hügel 69, 53121 Bonn, Germany
10 Jodrell Bank Centre for Astrophysics, School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Manchester, Manchester M13 9PL, UK
Accepted: 3 July 2020
Context. The investigation of pulsars between millimetre and optical wavelengths is challenging due to the faintness of the pulsar signals and the relative low sensitivity of the available facilities compared to 100 m class telescopes operating in the centimetre band. The kinetic inductance detector (KID) technology offers large instantaneous bandwidths and a high sensitivity that can help to increase the ability of existing observatories at short wavelengths substantially to detect pulsars and transient emission.
Aims. To investigate whether pulsars can be detected with KIDs, we observed the anomalous X-ray pulsar XTE J1810−197 with the New IRAM KIDs Array-2 (NIKA2) camera installed at the IRAM 30 m telescope in Spain.
Methods. Several short observations of XTE J1810−197 were made on 2019 March 25 under good weather conditions to verify the stability of the KIDs and to try to detect the expected broadband pulsations from the neutron star.
Results. We detected the pulsations from the pulsar with NIKA2 at its two operating frequency bands, 150 and 260 GHz (λ = 2.0 and 1.15 mm, respectively). This is the first time that a pulsar is detected with a receiver based on KID technology in the millimetre band. In addition, this is the first report of short millimetre emission from XTE J1810−197 after its reactivation in December 2018, and it is the first time that the source is detected at 260 GHz, which gives us new insights into the radio emission process of the star.
Conclusions. We demonstrate that KIDs can fulfil the technical requirements for detecting pulsed emission from neutron stars in the millimetre band. We show that the magnetar XTE J1810−197 is again emitting strong pulsations in the short millimetre band.
Key words: stars: magnetars / pulsars: individual: XTE J1810−197 / radiation mechanisms: non-thermal / instrumentation: detectors
© ESO 2020
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