Volume 640, August 2020
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Section||Interstellar and circumstellar matter|
|Published online||11 August 2020|
The diffuse gamma-ray emission toward the Galactic mini starburst W43
Department of Astronomy, School of Physical Sciences, University of Science and Technology of China,
2 CAS Key Labrotory for Research in Galaxies and Cosmology, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, Anhui 230026, PR China
3 School of Astronomy and Space Science, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, Anhui 230026, PR China
4 Max-Planck-Institut für Astronomie, Königstuhl 17, 69117 Heidelberg, Germany
Accepted: 16 June 2020
In this paper we report the Fermi Large Area Telescope (Fermi-LAT) detection of the γ-ray emission toward the young star forming region W43. Using the latest source catalog and diffuse background models, the extended γ-ray excess is detected with a significance of ~16σ. The γ-ray emission has a spectrum with a photon index of 2.3 ± 0.1. We also performed a detailed analysis of the gas content in this region by taking into account the opacity correction to the HI gas column density. The total cosmic-ray (CR) proton energy is estimated to be on the order of 1048 erg, assuming the γ-rays are produced from the interaction of the accelerated protons and nuclei with the ambient gas. Comparing this region to the other star formation regions in our Galaxy, we find that the CR luminosity is better correlated with the wind power than the star formation rate (SFR). This result suggests that CRs are primarily accelerated by stellar wind in these systems.
Key words: gamma rays: ISM / cosmic rays / open clusters and associations: general
© ESO 2020
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