Volume 640, August 2020
|Number of page(s)||9|
|Section||Numerical methods and codes|
|Published online||07 August 2020|
Detection of exomoons in simulated light curves with a regularized convolutional neural network
Center for Space Science, NYUAD Institute, New York University Abu Dhabi, Abu Dhabi, UAE
2 Institut für Astrophysik, Georg-August-Universität Göttingen, Friedrich-Hund-Platz 1, 37077 Göttingen, Germany
3 Max-Planck-Institut für Sonnensystemforschung, Justus-von-Liebig-Weg 3, 37077 Göttingen, Germany
4 Tandon School of Engineering, New York University, New York, USA
Accepted: 12 May 2020
Context. Many moons have been detected around planets in our Solar System, but none has been detected unambiguously around any of the confirmed extrasolar planets.
Aims. We test the feasibility of a supervised convolutional neural network to classify photometric transit light curves of planet-host stars and identify exomoon transits, while avoiding false positives caused by stellar variability or instrumental noise.
Methods. Convolutional neural networks are known to have contributed to improving the accuracy of classification tasks. The network optimization is typically performed without studying the effect of noise on the training process. Here we design and optimize a 1D convolutional neural network to classify photometric transit light curves. We regularize the network by the total variation loss in order to remove unwanted variations in the data features.
Results. Using numerical experiments, we demonstrate the benefits of our network, which produces results comparable to or better than the standard network solutions. Most importantly, our network clearly outperforms a classical method used in exoplanet science to identify moon-like signals. Thus the proposed network is a promising approach for analyzing real transit light curves in the future.
Key words: Moon / methods: numerical / methods: data analysis
© ESO 2020
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