Volume 638, June 2020
|Number of page(s)||5|
|Section||Letters to the Editor|
|Published online||23 June 2020|
Letter to the Editor
Star formation in outer rings of S0 galaxies
III. UGC 5936: An S0 with currently accreted satellite matter
Sternberg Astronomical Institute of the Lomonosov Moscow State University, University av. 13, 119234 Moscow, Russia
2 Special Astrophysical Observatory of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Nizhnij Arkhyz 369167, Russia
Accepted: 18 May 2020
Aims. Even though S0 galaxies are usually thought to be ‘red and dead’, they often demonstrate star formation organised in ring structures. We try to clarify the nature of this phenomenon and the difference between this occurrence and star formation in spiral galaxies. The luminous S0 galaxy with a large ring, UGC 5936, is studied in this work.
Methods. We measured gas and star kinematics by applying long-slit spectroscopy along the major axis of UGC 5936, as well as Lick indices for the main body of the galaxy and strong emission-line flux ratios in the ring. After inspecting the gas excitation in the ring using line ratio diagnostic diagrams and having ensured that it is ionised mostly by young stars, we determined the gas oxygen abundance with popular strong-line methods. We also proved the spatial proximity of the south-eastern dwarf satellite to UGC 5936 and measured its gas metallicity.
Results. The ionised gas of the ring is excited by young stars and has solar metallicity. Star formation in the ring is rather prolonged and its intensity corresponds to the current HI content of UGC 5936 (to the Kennicutt-Schmidt relation). The whole morphology of the HI distribution implies current accretion of the cold gas from the satellite onto the outer disc of UGC 5936. The accretion being smooth and laminar provides a favourable condition for star formation ignition; this is a consequence of the satellite location and rotation in the plane of the stellar disc of the host galaxy.
Key words: galaxies: elliptical and lenticular, cD / galaxies: evolution / galaxies: structure / galaxies: star formation / galaxies: interactions / galaxies: individual: UGC 5936
© ESO 2020
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