Volume 638, June 2020
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Section||Planets and planetary systems|
|Published online||19 June 2020|
Solid accretion onto planetary cores in radiative disks
Universitäts-Sternwarte, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München,
2 Excellence Cluster Origin and Structure of the Universe, Boltzmannstr. 2, 85748 Garching bei München, Germany
3 Institut für Astronomie und Astrophysik, Universität Tübingen, Auf der Morgenstelle 10, 72076 Tübingen, Germany
Accepted: 2 April 2020
The solid accretion rate, which is necessary to grow gas giant planetary cores within the disk lifetime, has been a major constraint for theories of planet formation. We tested the solid accretion rate efficiency on planetary cores of different masses embedded in their birth disk by means of 3D radiation-hydrodynamics, where we followed the evolution of a swarm of embedded solids of different sizes. We found that by using a realistic equation of state and radiative cooling, the disk at 5 au is able to efficiently cool and reduce its aspect ratio. As a result, the pebble isolation mass is reached before the core grows to 10 M⊕, thus fully stopping the pebble flux and creating a transition disk. Moreover, the reduced isolation mass halts the solid accretion before the core reaches the critical mass, leading to a barrier to giant planet formation, and this explains the large abundance of super-Earth planets in the observed population.
Key words: accretion, accretion disks / planet-disk interactions / protoplanetary disks / planets and satellites: formation / planets and satellites: gaseous planets
© ESO 2020
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