Volume 637, May 2020
|Number of page(s)||39|
|Section||Galactic structure, stellar clusters and populations|
|Published online||27 May 2020|
Sixteen overlooked open clusters in the fourth Galactic quadrant
A combined analysis of UBVI photometry and Gaia DR2 with ASteCA⋆
Instituto de Astrofísica de La Plata (IALP-CONICET), La Plata, Argentina
2 Facultad de Ciencias Astronómicas y Geofísicas (UNLP-IALP-CONICET), 1900 La Plata, Argentina
3 CENTRA, Faculdade de Ciências, Universidade de Lisboa, Ed. C8, Campo Grande, 1749-016 Lisboa, Portugal
4 Dipartimento di Fisica Astronomia Galileo Galilei, Vicolo Osservatorio 3, Padova 35122, Italy
Accepted: 25 March 2020
Aims. This paper has two main objectives: (1) To determine the intrinsic properties of 16 faint and mostly unstudied open clusters in the poorly known sector of the Galaxy at 270° −300° to probe the Milky Way structure in future investigations. (2) To address previously reported systematics in Gaia DR2 parallaxes by comparing the cluster distances derived from photometry with those derived from parallaxes.
Methods. Deep UBVI photometry of 16 open clusters was carried out. Observations were reduced and analyzed in an automatic way using the ASteCA package to obtain individual distances, reddening, masses, ages, and metallicities. Photometric distances were compared to those obtained from a Bayesian analysis of Gaia DR2 parallaxes.
Results. Ten out of the sixteen clusters are true or highly probable open clusters. Two of them are quite young and follow the trace of the Carina Arm and the already detected warp. The remaining clusters are placed in the interarm zone between the Perseus and Carina Arms, as expected for older objects. We found that the cluster van den Berg-Hagen 85 is 7.5 × 109 yr old, which means that it is one of the oldest open clusters detected in our Galaxy so far. The relationship of these ten clusters with the Galaxy structure in the solar neighborhood is discussed. The comparison of distances from photometry and parallaxes data in turn reveals a variable level of disagreement.
Conclusions. Various zero-point corrections for Gaia DR2 parallax data recently reported were considered for a comparison between photometry- and parallax-based distances. The results tend to improve with some of these corrections. Photometric distance analysis suggests an average correction of ∼+0.026 mas (to be added to the parallaxes). The correction may have a more intricate dependence on distance, but addressing this level of detail will require a larger cluster sample.
Key words: methods: statistical / open clusters and associations: general / galaxies: star clusters: general / techniques: photometric / parallaxes / proper motions
Photometric tables are only available at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (220.127.116.11) or via http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/cat/J/A+A/637/A95
© ESO 2020
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