Volume 636, April 2020
|Number of page(s)||4|
|Section||Letters to the Editor|
|Published online||28 April 2020|
Letter to the Editor
Fast degradation of the circular flare ribbon on 2014 August 24⋆
Key Laboratory of Dark Matter and Space Science, Purple Mountain Observatory, CAS, Nanjing 210033, PR China
2 CAS Key Laboratory of Solar Activity, National Astronomical Observatories, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, PR China
3 School of Astronomy and Space Science, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, PR China
Accepted: 14 April 2020
Context. The separation and elongation motions of solar flare ribbons have extensively been investigated. The degradation and disappearance of ribbons have rarely been explored.
Aims. We report our multiwavelength observations of a C5.5 circular-ribbon flare associated with two jets (jet1 and jet2) on 2014 August 24, focusing on the fast degradation of the outer circular ribbon (CR).
Methods. The flare was observed in ultraviolet (UV) and extreme-ultraviolet (EUV) wavelengths by the Atmospheric Imaging Assembly (AIA) on board the Solar Dynamics Observatory spacecraft. Soft X-ray fluxes of the flare in 0.5−4 and 1−8 Å were recorded by the GOES spacecraft.
Results. The flare, consisting of a short inner ribbon (IR) and outer CR, was triggered by the eruption of a minifilament. The brightness of IR and outer CR reached their maxima simultaneously at ∼04:58 UT in all AIA wavelengths. Subsequently, the short eastern part of the CR faded out quickly in 1600 Å but only gradually in EUV wavelengths. The long western part of the CR degraded in the counterclockwise direction and decelerated. The degradation was distinctly divided into two phases: phase I with faster apparent speeds (58−69 km s−1), and phase II with slower apparent speeds (29−35 km s−1). The second phase stopped at ∼05:10 UT when the western CR disappeared entirely. In addition to the outward propagation of jet1, the jet spire experienced untwisting motion in the counterclockwise direction during 04:55−05:00 UT.
Conclusions. We conclude that the event can be explained by the breakout jet model. The coherent brightenings of the IR and CR at ∼04:58 UT may result from the impulsive interchange reconnection near the null point, whereas sub-Alfvénic slipping motion of the western CR in the counterclockwise direction indicates the occurrence of slipping magnetic reconnection. Another possible explanation of the quick disappearance of the hot loops that are connected to the western CR is that they are simply reconnected sequentially without the need for significant slippage after the null-point reconnection.
Key words: Sun: flares / Sun: UV radiation / Sun: X-rays, gamma rays / Sun: magnetic fields / Sun: filaments, prominences
Movies associated to Figs. 2 and 3 are available at https://www.aanda.org
© ESO 2018
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