Volume 636, April 2020
|Number of page(s)||11|
|Section||Letters to the Editor|
|Published online||24 April 2020|
Letter to the Editor
New molecular species at redshift z = 0.89⋆
Observatorio Astronómico Nacional (OAN-IGN), Calle Alfonso XII, 3, 28014 Madrid, Spain
2 Observatorio de Yebes (IGN), Cerro de la Palera s/n, 19141 Yebes, Guadalajara, Spain
3 Instituto de Física Fundamental (IFF-CSIC), Calle Serrano 123, 28006 Madrid, Spain
4 Institut de Radioastronomie Millimétrique, 300 rue de la Piscine, 38406 Saint Martin d’Hères, France
Accepted: 2 April 2020
We present the first detections of CH3SH, C3H+, C3N, HCOOH, CH2CHCN, and H2CN in an extragalactic source. Namely the spiral arm of a galaxy located at z = 0.89 on the line of sight to the radio-loud quasar PKS 1830−211. OCS, SO2, and NH2CN were also detected, raising the total number of molecular species identified in that early time galaxy to 54, not counting isotopologues. The detections were made in absorption against the SW quasar image, at 2 kpc from the galaxy centre, over the course of a Q band spectral line survey made with the Yebes 40 m telescope (rest-frame frequencies: 58.7 − 93.5 GHz). We derived the rotational temperatures and column densities of those species, which are found to be subthermally excited. The molecular abundances, and in particular the large abundances of C3H+ and of several previously reported cations, are characteristic of diffuse or translucent clouds with enhanced UV radiation or strong shocks.
Key words: astrochemistry / galaxies: abundances / galaxies: ISM / ISM: molecules / line: identification / quasars: individual: PKS 1830−211
© ESO 2020
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