Volume 636, April 2020
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Section||Stellar structure and evolution|
|Published online||27 April 2020|
Evidence from high-mass X-ray binaries that Galactic WR components of WR+O binaries end their life with a supernova explosion
Astronomy and Astrophysics Research Group, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Pleinlaan 2, 1050 Brussels, Belgium
2 Anton Pannekoek Institute for Astronomy, University of Amsterdam, PO Box 94249, 1090 GE Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Accepted: 12 March 2020
Context. Theoretical population number studies of binaries with at least one black hole (BH) component obviously depend on whether or not BHs receive a (natal) kick during their formation.
Aims. Several observational facts seem to indicate that BHs do indeed receive a kick during their formation. In the present paper, we discuss additional evidence of this.
Methods. The progenitors of wind-fed high-mass X-ray binaries (HMXB) with a BH component (BH HMXB) are WR+OB binaries where the Wolf–Rayet (WR) star will finally collapse and form the BH. Starting from the observed population of WR+OB binaries in the solar neighborhood, we predict the population of wind-fed BH HMXBs as a function of the BH-natal kick.
Results. The simulations reveal that when WR stars collapse into a BH with a zero or low kick, we should expect 100 or more wind-fed BH HMXBs in the solar neighborhood, whereas only one is observed (Cyg X-1). We consider this as evidence that either WR components in binaries end their life as a neutron star or that they collapse into BHs, both accompanied by a supernova explosion imparting significant (natal) kicks.
Key words: binaries : close / stars: evolution / stars: massive
© ESO 2020
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