Volume 636, April 2020
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Section||Planets and planetary systems|
|Published online||16 April 2020|
Normalized angular momentum deficit: a tool for comparing the violence of the dynamical histories of planetary systems
Institute for Space Astrophysics and Planetology INAF-IAPS,
Via Fosso del Cavaliere 100,
2 Space Science Data Center (SSDC) – ASI, Via del Politecnico snc, 00133 Rome, Italy
3 Departamento de Matemáticas, Universidad de Atacama, 485 Copayapu, Copiapó, Chile
Accepted: 12 March 2020
Context. Population studies of the orbital characteristics of exoplanets in multi-planet systems have highlighted the existence of an anticorrelation between the average orbital eccentricity of planets and the number of planets of their host system, that is, its multiplicity. This effect was proposed to reflect the varying levels of violence in the dynamical evolution of planetary systems.
Aims. Previous work suggested that the relative violence of the dynamical evolution of planetary systems with similar orbital architectures can be compared through the computation of their angular momentum deficit (AMD). We investigated the possibility of using a more general metric to perform analogous comparisons between planetary systems with different orbital architectures.
Methods. We considered a modified version of the AMD, the normalized angular momentum deficit (NAMD), and used it to study a sample of 99 multi-planet systems containing both the currently best-characterized extrasolar systems and the solar system, that is, planetary systems with both compact and wide orbital architectures.
Results. We verified that the NAMD allows us to compare the violence of the dynamical histories of multi-planet systems with different orbital architectures. We identified an anticorrelation between the NAMD and the multiplicity of the planetary systems, of which the previously observed eccentricity–multiplicity anticorrelation is a reflection.
Conclusions. Our results seem to indicate that phases of dynamical instabilities and chaotic evolution are not uncommon among planetary systems. They also suggest that the efficiency of the planetary formation process in producing high-multiplicity systems is likely to be higher than that suggested by their currently known population.
Key words: planets and satellites: dynamical evolution and stability / celestial mechanics / methods: data analysis
© ESO 2020
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