Volume 636, April 2020
|Number of page(s)||16|
|Published online||24 April 2020|
The OTELO survey
Nature and mass-metallicity relation for Hα emitters at z ∼ 0.4
Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias, 38205 La Laguna, Tenerife, Spain
e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com
2 Universidad de La Laguna, Dept. Astrofísica, 38206 La Laguna, Tenerife, Spain
3 DARK, Niels Bohr Institute, University of Copenhagen, Lyngbyvej 2, Copenhagen 2100, Denmark
4 Centro de Astrobiología (CSIC/INTA), 28850 Torrejón de Ardoz, Madrid, Spain
5 Instituto de Radioastronomía Milimétrica (IRAM), Av. Divina Pastora 7, Núcleo Central, 18012 Granada, Spain
6 Asociación Astrofísica para la Promoción de la Investigación, Instrumentación y su Desarrollo, ASPID, 38205 La Laguna, Tenerife, Spain
7 Instituto de Astronomía, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Apdo. Postal 70-264, 04510 Ciudad de México, Mexico
8 ISDEFE for European Space Astronomy Centre (ESAC)/ESA, PO Box 78, 28690 Villanueva de la Cañada, Madrid, Spain
9 Instituto de Astrofísica de Andalucía, CSIC, 18080 Granada, Spain
10 Departamento de Física, Escuela Superior de Física y Matemáticas, Instituto Politécnico Nacional, México DF, Mexico
11 Departamento de Física de la Tierra y Astrofísica, Facultad CC Físicas, Instituto de Física de Partículas y del Cosmos, IPARCOS, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Madrid, Spain
12 Instituto de Física de Cantabria (CSIC-Universidad de Cantabria), 39005 Santander, Spain
13 INAF, Telescopio Nazionale Galileo, Apartado de Correos 565, 38700 Santa Cruz de la Palma, Spain
14 Department of Astronomy & Astrophysics, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada
15 Ethiopian Space Science and Technology Institute (ESSTI), Entoto Observatory and Research Center (EORC), Astronomy and Astrophysics Research Division, PO Box 33679, Addis Abbaba, Ethiopia
Accepted: 1 March 2020
Context. A sample of low-mass Hα emission line sources at z ∼ 0.4 was studied in the context of the mass-metallicty relation (MZR) and its possible evolution. We drew our sample from the OSIRIS Tunable Emission Line Object (OTELO) survey, which exploits the red tunable filter of OSIRIS at the Gran Telescopio Canarias to perform a blind narrow-band spectral scan in a selected field of the Extended Groth Strip. We were able to directly measure emission line fluxes and equivalent widths from the analysis of OTELO pseudo-spectra.
Aims. This study aims to explore the MZR in the very low-mass regime. Our sample reaches stellar masses (M*) as low as 106.8 M⊙, where 63% of the sample have M* < 109 M⊙. We also explore the relation of the star formation rate (SFR) and specific SFR with M* and gas-phase oxygen abundances, as well as the M*-size relation and the morphological classification.
Methods. The M* were estimated using synthetic rest-frame colours. Using an χ2 minimization method, we separated the contribution of [N II]λ6583 to the Hα emission lines. Using the N2 index, we separated active galactic nuclei from star-forming galaxies (SFGs) and estimated the gas metallicity. We studied the morphology of the sampled galaxies qualitatively (visually) and quantitatively (automatically) using high-resolution data from the Hubble Space Telescope-ACS. The physical size of the galaxies was derived from the morphological analysis using GALAPAGOS2/GALFIT, where we fit a single-Sérsic 2D model to each source.
Results. We find no evidence for an MZR evolution from comparing our very low-mass sample with local SFGs from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey. Furthermore, the same is true for M*-size and M*-SFR relations, as we deduce from comparison with recent literature. Morphologically, our sample is mostly (63%) populated by late-type galaxies, with 13% of early-type sources. For the first time, we identify one possible candidate outlier in the MZR at z = 0.4. The stellar-mass, metallicity, colour, morphology, and SFR of this source suggest that it is compatible with a transitional dwarf galaxy.
Key words: galaxies: evolution / galaxies: formation / galaxies: fundamental parameters / galaxies: star formation / galaxies: structure
© ESO 2020
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