Volume 635, March 2020
|Number of page(s)||24|
|Section||Interstellar and circumstellar matter|
|Published online||02 March 2020|
Searching for kinematic evidence of Keplerian disks around Class 0 protostars with CALYPSO
Univ. Grenoble Alpes, CNRS, IPAG,
2 AIM, CEA, CNRS, Université Paris-Saclay, Université Paris Diderot, Sorbonne Paris Cité, 91191 Gif-sur-Yvette, France
3 Max-Planck-Institut für Radioastronomie, Auf dem Hügel 69, 53121 Bonn, Germany
4 LERMA, Observatoire de Paris, PSL Research University, CNRS, Sorbonne Université, UPMC Université Paris 06, 75014 Paris, France
5 INAF – Osservatorio Astrofisico di Arcetri, Largo E. Fermi 5, 50125 Firenze, Italy
6 Institut de Radioastronomie Millimétrique (IRAM), 38406 Saint-Martin-d’Hères, France
Accepted: 6 January 2020
The formation of protoplanetary disks is not well understood. To understand how and when these disks are formed, it is crucial to characterize the kinematics of the youngest protostars at a high angular resolution. Here we study a sample of 16 Class 0 protostars to measure their rotation profile at scales from 50 to 500 au and search for Keplerian rotation. We used high-angular-resolution line observations obtained with the Plateau de Bure Interferometer as part of the CALYPSO large program. From 13CO (J = 2−1), C18O (J = 2−1) and SO (Nj = 56−45) moment maps, we find that seven sources show rotation about the jet axis at a few hundred au scales: SerpS-MM18, L1448-C, L1448-NB, L1527, NGC 1333-IRAS 2A, NGC 1333-IRAS 4B, and SVS13-B. We analyzed the kinematics of these sources in the uv plane to derive the rotation profiles down to 50 au scales. We find evidence for Keplerian rotation in only two sources, L1527 and L1448-C. Overall, this suggests that Keplerian disks larger than 50 au are uncommon around Class 0 protostars. However, in some of the sources, the line emission could be optically thick and dominated by the envelope emission. Due to the optical thickness of these envelopes, some of the disks could have remained undetected in our observations.
Key words: protoplanetary disks / stars: formation / stars: protostars
© S. Maret et al. 2020
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