Volume 635, March 2020
|Number of page(s)||12|
|Published online||27 March 2020|
The WISSH quasars project
VIII. Outflows and metals in the circum-galactic medium around the hyper-luminous z ∼ 3.6 quasar J1538+08⋆⋆⋆
INAF-Osservatorio Astronomico di Roma, Via Frascati 33, 00078 Monteporzio Catone, Italy
2 Department of Physics, University of Rome “Tor Vergata”, Via della Ricerca Scientifica 1, 00133 Rome, Italy
3 Università degli Studi di Roma “Sapienza”, Piazzale Aldo Moro 5, 00185 Roma, Italy
4 Department of Physics, ETH Zurich, Wolfgang-Pauli-Strasse 27, 8093 Zurich, Switzerland
5 European Southern Observatory, Karl-Schwarzschild-Str. 2, 85748 Garching bei Munchen, Germany
6 Max-Planck-Institut fur Astrophysik, Karl-Schwarzschild-Str 1, 85748 Garching, Germany
7 Observatoire de Genève, Université de Genève, 51 Ch. des Maillettes, 1290 Versoix, Switzerland
8 INAF, Istituto di Astrofisica Spaziale e Fisica Cosmica – Milano, Via A. Corti 12, 20133 Milano, Italy
9 INAF Osservatorio Astronomico di Trieste, Via G.B. Tiepolo, 11, Trieste 34143, Italy
10 Scuola Normale Superiore, Piazza dei Cavalieri 7, 56126 Pisa, Italy
11 Dipartimento di Matematica e Fisica, Università Roma Tre, Via della Vasca Navale 84, 00146 Roma, Italy
12 Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia, Università di Bologna, Via Piero Gobetti 93/2, 40129 Bologna, Italy
13 INAF-Osservatorio di Astrofisica e Scienza dello Spazio di Bologna, Via Piero Gobetti 93/3, 40129 Bologna, Italy
Accepted: 15 January 2020
Context. In recent years, Lyα nebulae have been routinely detected around high redshift, radio-quiet quasars thanks to the advent of the highly sensitive integral field spectrographs. Constraining the physical properties of the Lyα nebulae is crucial for a full understanding of the circum-galactic medium (CGM). The CGM acts both as a repository for intergalactic and galactic baryons as well as a venue of feeding and feedback processes. The most luminous quasars are privileged test-beds to study these processes, given their large ionising fluxes and dense CGM environments in which they are expected to be embedded.
Aims. We aim to characterise the rest-frame ultraviolet (UV) emission lines in the CGM around a hyper-luminous, broad emission line, radio-quiet quasar at z ∼ 3.6, which exhibits powerful outflows at both nuclear and host galaxy scales.
Methods. We analyse VLT/MUSE observations of the quasar J1538+08 (Lbol = 6 × 1047 erg s−1), and we performed a search for extended UV emission lines to characterise its morphology, emissivity, kinematics, and metal content.
Results. We report the discovery of a very luminous (∼2 × 1044 erg s−1), giant Lyα nebula and a likely associated extended (75 kpc) CIV nebula. The Lyα nebula emission exhibits moderate blueshift (∼440 km s−1) compared to the quasar systemic redshift and a large average velocity dispersion (σ¯v ∼ 700 km s−1) across the nebula, while the CIV nebula shows average velocity dispersion of σ¯v ∼ 350 km s−1. The Lyα line profile exhibits a significant asymmetry towards negative velocity values at 20−30 kpc south of the quasar and is well parametrised by the following two Gaussian components: a narrow (σ ∼ 470 km s−1) systemic one plus a broad (σ ∼ 1200 km s−1), blueshifted (∼1500 km s−1) one.
Conclusions. Our analysis of the MUSE observation of J1538+08 reveals metal-enriched CGM around this hyper-luminous quasar. Furthermore, our detection of blueshifted emission in the emission profile of the Lyα nebula suggests that powerful nuclear outflows can propagate through the CGM over tens of kiloparsecs.
Key words: galaxies: active / intergalactic medium / quasars: emission lines / quasars: individual: SDSS 153830.55+085517.0
The reduced datacube is only available at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (184.108.40.206) or via http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/cat/J/A+A/635/A157
© ESO 2020
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