Volume 635, March 2020
|Number of page(s)||20|
|Section||Interstellar and circumstellar matter|
|Published online||20 March 2020|
Wide field-of-view study of the Eagle Nebula with the Fourier transform imaging spectrograph SITELLE at CFHT★,★★
Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope Corporation,
65-1238 Mamalahoa Hwy,
HI 96743, USA
2 Department of Astronomy, University of California Berkeley, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
3 Department of Physics & Astronomy, Texas Tech University, PO Box 41051, Lubbock, TX 79409, USA
4 Université Pierre et Marie Curie, 4 place Jussieu, 75005 Paris, France
5 Department of Earth Sciences, University College London, Gower St, Bloomsbury, London WC1E 6BT, UK
Accepted: 1 February 2020
Context. We present the very first wide-field, 11′ by 11′, optical spectral mapping of M 16, one of the most famous star-forming regions in the Galaxy. The data were acquired with the new imaging Fourier transform spectrograph SITELLE mounted on the Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope (CFHT). We obtained three spectral cubes with a resolving power of 10 000 (SN1 filter), 1500 (SN2 filter) and 600 (SN3 filter), centered on the iconic Pillars of Creation and the HH 216 flow, covering the main optical nebular emission lines, namely [O II]λ3726,29 (SN1), Hβ, [O III]λ4959,5007 (SN2), [N II]λ6548,84, Hα, and [S II]λ6717,31 (SN3).
Aims. We validate the performance, calibration, and data reduction of SITELLE, and analyze the structures in the large field-of-view in terms of their kinematics and nebular emission.
Methods. We compared the SITELLE data to MUSE integral field observations and other spectroscopic and narrow-band imaging data to validate the performance of SITELLE. We computed gas-phase metallicities via the strong-line method, performed a pixel-by-pixel fit to the main emission lines to derive kinematics of the ionized gas, computed the mass-loss rate of the Eastern pillar (also known as the Spire), and combined the SITELLE data with near-infrared narrow-band imaging to characterize the HH 216 flow.
Results. The comparison with previously published fluxes demonstrates very good agreement. We disentangle the dependence of the gas-phase metallicities (derived via abundance-tracing line ratios) on the degree of ionization and obtain metallicities that are in excellent agreement with the literature. We confirm the bipolar structure of HH 216, find evidence for episodic accretion from the source of the flow, and identify its likely driving source. We compute the mass-loss rate Ṁ of the Spire pillar on the East side of the H II region and find excellent agreement with the correlation between the mass-loss rate and the ionizing photon flux from the nearby cluster NGC 6611.
Key words: instrumentation: spectrographs / techniques: imaging spectroscopy / H II regions / ISM: individual objects: M 16 / Herbig-Haro objects
The reduced datacube is only available at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (184.108.40.206) or via http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/cat/J/A+A/635/A111
Based on observations obtained at the Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope (CFHT) which is operated from the summit of Maunakea by the National Research Council (NRC) of Canada, the Institut National des Sciences de l’Univers (INSU) of the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS) of France, and the University of Hawaii. The observations at the Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope were performed with care and respect from the summit of Maunakea which is a significant cultural and historic site.
© ESO 2020
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