Volume 634, February 2020
|Number of page(s)||16|
|Published online||31 January 2020|
The VLT-FLAMES Tarantula Survey
XXXII. Low-luminosity late O-type stars: classification, main physical parameters, and silicon abundances
Institute of Astronomy, National Astronomical Observatory, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences,
PO Box 136,
2 LMU München, Universitäts-Sternwarte, Scheinerstrasse 1, 81679 München, Germany
3 ARC, School of Mathematics & Physics, The Queen’s University of Belfast, Belfast, BT7 1NN, UK
4 Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias, 38205 La Laguna, Tenerife, Spain
5 UK Astronomy Technology Centre, Royal Observatory, Blackford Hill, Edinburgh, EH9 3HJ, UK
6 Astronomical Institute Anton Pannekoek, Amsterdam University, Science Park 904, 1098 XH, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
7 German Aerospace Center (DLR), Institute for the Protection of Maritime Infrastructures, Fischkai 1, 27572 Bremerhaven, Germany
8 Institute voor Sterrenkunde, KU Leuven, Celestijnenlaan 200D, 3001 Leuven, Belgium
9 Armagh Observatory and Planetarium, College Hill, Armagh, BT61 9DG, UK
Accepted: 16 December 2019
Analysis of late O-type stars observed in the Large Magellanic Cloud (LMC) by the VLT-FLAMES Tarantula Survey revealed a discrepancy between the physical properties estimated from model-atmosphere analysis and those expected from their morphological classifications. Here we revisit the analysis of 32 of these puzzling objects using new hydrogen-helium-silicon FASTWIND models and a different fitting approach to re-evaluate their physical properties. Our new analysis confirms that these stars indeed have properties that are typical of late O-type dwarfs. We also present the first estimates of silicon abundances for O-type stars in the 30 Dor clusters NGC 2060 and NGC 2070, with a weighted mean abundance for our sample of ɛSi = 7.05 ± 0.03. Our values are ~0.20 dex lower than those previously derived for B-type stars in the LMC clusters N 11 and NGC 2004 using TLUSTY models. Various possibilities (e.g. differences in the analysis methods, effects of microturbulence, and real differences between stars in different clusters) were considered to account for these results. We also used our grid of FASTWIND models to reassess the impact of using the Galactic classification criteria for late O-type stars in the LMC by scrutinising their sensitivity to different stellar properties. At the cool edge of the O star regime the He II λ4686/He I λ4713 ratio used to assign luminosity class for Galactic stars can mimic giants or bright giants in the LMC, even for objects with high gravities (log g > 4.0 dex). We argue that this line ratio is not a reliable luminosity diagnostic for late O-type stars in the LMC, and that the Si IV λ4089/He I λ4026 ratio is more robust for these types.
Key words: stars: abundances / stars: early-type / stars: fundamental parameters / stars: mass-loss / Magellanic Clouds
© ESO 2020
Current usage metrics show cumulative count of Article Views (full-text article views including HTML views, PDF and ePub downloads, according to the available data) and Abstracts Views on Vision4Press platform.
Data correspond to usage on the plateform after 2015. The current usage metrics is available 48-96 hours after online publication and is updated daily on week days.
Initial download of the metrics may take a while.