Volume 634, February 2020
|Number of page(s)||12|
|Section||Interstellar and circumstellar matter|
|Published online||11 February 2020|
Skymaps of observables of three-dimensional magnetohydrodynamic astrosphere models
Fakultät für Physik und Astronomie, Institut für Theoretische Physik IV, Ruhr-Universität Bochum,
2 Research Department, Plasmas with Complex Interactions, Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Bochum, Germany
3 Fakultät für Physik und Astronomie, Astronomisches Institut, Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Bochum, Germany
Accepted: 9 January 2020
Context. Three-dimensional models of astrospheres have recently become of interest. However, comparisons between these models and observations are non-trivial because of the two-dimensional nature of observations.
Aims. By projecting selected physical values of three-dimensional models of astrospheres onto the surface of a sphere that is centred on a virtual all-sky observer, these models can be compared to observational data in different observables: the column density, bremsstrahlung flux, rotation measure, Hα flux, and synchrotron or cyclotron flux.
Methods. Projections were calculated by rotating and moving the astrosphere model to the desired position and orientation and by then computing the value of a given patch on the sphere by a modified line-of-sight integration. Contributions to the selected observable made by all model cells that are connected to the patch by the line of sight in question were taken into account.
Results. When the model produces a bow shock, a distinct parabolic structure produced by the outer astrosheath can be seen in every observable of the projection, the exact shape depending on the orientations of the line of sight and the stellar motion. Of all four examined astrosphere models, only that of λ Cephei shows fluxes that are higher than current observational thresholds. This is due to the strong stellar wind and interstellar inflow of the λ Cephei model.
Key words: stars: winds, outflows / ISM: bubbles / magnetohydrodynamics (MHD) / shock waves
© ESO 2020
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