Volume 633, January 2020
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Published online||17 January 2020|
Spatially separated continuum sources revealed by microlensing in the gravitationally lensed broad absorption line quasar SDSS J081830.46+060138.0⋆⋆⋆
Institut d’Astrophysique et de Géophysique, Université de Liège, Allée du 6 Août 19c, B5c, 4000 Liège, Belgium
2 Aryabhatta Research Institute of Observational Sciences (ARIES), Nainital, Uttarakhand, India
Accepted: 29 November 2019
Gravitational microlensing is a powerful tool for probing the inner structure of distant quasars. In this context, we have obtained spectropolarimetric observations of the two images of the broad absorption line (BAL) quasar SDSS J081830.46+060138.0 (J0818+0601) at redshift z ≃ 2.35. We first show that J0818+0601 is actually gravitationally lensed, and not a binary quasar. A strong absorption system detected at z = 1.0065 ± 0.0002 is possibly due to the lensing galaxy. Microlensing is observed in one image and it magnifies the emission lines, the continuum, and the BALs differently. By disentangling the part of the spectrum that is microlensed from the part that is not microlensed, we unveil two sources of continuum that must be spatially separated: a compact one, which is microlensed, and an extended one, which is not microlensed and contributes to two thirds of the total continuum emission. J0818+0601 is the second BAL quasar in which an extended source of rest-frame ultraviolet continuum is found. We also find that the images are differently polarized, suggesting that the two continua might be differently polarized. Our analysis provides constraints on the BAL flow. In particular, we find that the outflow is seen with a nonzero onset velocity, and stratified according to ionization.
Key words: gravitational lensing: micro / quasars: general / quasars: absorption lines
The reduced spectra are only available at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (220.127.116.11) or via http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/cat/J/A+A/633/A101
Based on observations made with ESO Very Large Telescope at the Paranal Observatory under program ID 100.B-0590.
© ESO 2020
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