Volume 633, January 2020
|Number of page(s)||28|
|Published online||28 January 2020|
The ALMA Frontier Fields Survey
V. ALMA Stacking of Lyman-Break Galaxies in Abell 2744, Abell 370, Abell S1063, MACSJ0416.1−2403 and MACSJ1149.5+2223⋆
Instituto de Astrofísica, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Casilla 306, Santiago 22, Chile
2 Centro de Astroingeniería, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Casilla 306, Santiago 22, Chile
3 Millennium Institute of Astrophysics (MAS), Av. Vicuña Mackenna, 4860 Macul, Santiago, Chile
4 Space Science Institute, 4750 Walnut Street, Suite 205, Boulder, Colorado 80301, USA
5 Leiden Observatory, Leiden University, 2300 RA Leiden, The Netherlands
6 Geneva Observatory, University of Geneva, Ch. des Maillettes 51, 1290 Versoix, Switzerland
7 Núcleo de Astronomía de la Facultad de Ingeniería y Ciencias, Universidad Diego Portales, Av. Ejército Libertador 441, Santiago, Chile
8 Departamento de Ciencias Físicas, Universidad Andrés Bello, Fernández Concha 700, Las Condes, Santiago, Chile
9 Departamento de Astronomía, Facultad de Ciencias Físicas y Matemáticas, Universidad de Concepción, Concepción, Chile
10 Carnegie Institution for Science, Las Campanas Observatory, Casilla 601, Colina El Pino S/N, La Serena, Chile
11 Space Telescope Science Institute, Baltimore, MD 21218, USA
12 Joint ALMA Observatory, Alonso de Córdova 3107, Vitacura 763-0355, Santiago, Chile
13 European Southern Observatory, Alonso de Córdova 3107, Vitacura, Casilla 19001, Santiago, Chile
14 Physics Department, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, PO Box 653 Be’er-Sheva 8410501, Israel
15 Universidad Autónoma de Chile, Facultad de Ingeniería, Núcleo de Astroquímica & Astrofísica, Av. Pedro de Valdivia 425, Providencia, Santiago, Chile
Accepted: 14 November 2019
Context. The Hubble Frontier Fields offer an exceptionally deep window into the high-redshift universe, covering a substantially larger area than the Hubble Ultra-Deep field at low magnification and probing 1–2 mag deeper in exceptional high-magnification regions. This unique parameter space, coupled with the exceptional multi-wavelength ancillary data, can facilitate for useful insights into distant galaxy populations.
Aims. We aim to leverage Atacama Large Millimetre Array (ALMA) band 6 (≈263 GHz) mosaics in the central portions of five Frontier Fields to characterize the infrared (IR) properties of 1582 ultraviolet (UV)-selected Lyman-Break Galaxies (LBGs) at redshifts of z ∼ 2–8. We investigated individual and stacked fluxes and IR excess (IRX) values of the LBG sample as functions of stellar mass (M⋆), redshift, UV luminosity and slope β, and lensing magnification.
Methods. LBG samples were derived from color-selection and photometric redshift estimation with Hubble Space Telescope photometry. Spectral energy distributions -templates were fit to obtain luminosities, stellar masses, and star formation rates for the LBG candidates. We obtained individual IR flux and IRX estimates, as well as stacked averages, using both ALMA images and u–v visibilities.
Results. Two (2) LBG candidates were individually detected above a significance of 4.1-σ, while stacked samples of the remaining LBG candidates yielded no significant detections. We investigated our detections and upper limits in the context of the IRX–M⋆ and IRX–β relations, probing at least one dex lower in stellar mass than past studies have done. Our upper limits exclude substantial portions of parameter space and they are sufficiently deep in a handful of cases to create mild tension with the typically assumed attenuation and consensus relations. We observe a clear and smooth trend between M⋆ and β, which extends to low masses and blue (low) β values, consistent with expectations from previous works.
Key words: galaxies: high-redshift / galaxies: clusters: general / submillimetre: galaxies / gravitational lensing: strong
Full Tables C.1–C.5 are only available at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (220.127.116.11) or via http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/cat/J/A+A/633/A160
© ESO 2020
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