Volume 633, January 2020
|Number of page(s)||11|
|Section||Numerical methods and codes|
|Published online||22 January 2020|
AVIATOR: Morphological object reconstruction in 3D
An application to dense cores⋆
Department for Astrophysics, University of Vienna, Türkenschanzstraße 17, 1180 Vienna, Austria
2 Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study, Harvard University, 10 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
Accepted: 21 October 2019
Reconstructing 3D distributions from their 2D projections is a ubiquitous problem in various scientific fields, particularly so in observational astronomy. In this work, we present a new approach to solving this problem: a Vienna inverse-Abel-transform based object reconstruction algorithm AVIATOR. The reconstruction that it performs is based on the assumption that the distribution along the line of sight is similar to the distribution in the plane of projection, which requires a morphological analysis of the structures in the projected image. The output of the AVIATOR algorithm is an estimate of the 3D distribution in the form of a reconstruction volume that is calculated without the problematic requirements that commonly occur in other reconstruction methods such as symmetry in the plane of projection or modelling of radial profiles. We demonstrate the robustness of the technique to different geometries, density profiles, and noise by applying the AVIATOR algorithm to several model objects. In addition, the algorithm is applied to real data: We reconstruct the density and temperature distributions of two dense molecular cloud cores and find that they are in excellent agreement with profiles reported in the literature. The AVIATOR algorithm is thus capable of reconstructing 3D distributions of physical quantities consistently using an intuitive set of assumptions.
Key words: methods: data analysis / techniques: image processing / ISM: clouds / submillimeter: ISM
The AVIATOR code and a Jupyter notebook illustrating its use is publicly available at https://github.com/BirgitHa/AVIATOR
© ESO 2020
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