Volume 632, December 2019
|Number of page(s)||26|
|Section||Galactic structure, stellar clusters and populations|
|Published online||16 December 2019|
Anomalous peculiar motions of high-mass young stars in the Scutum spiral arm
Joint Institute for VLBI ERIC, Oude Hoogeveensedijk 4, 7991 PD Dwingeloo, The Netherlands
e-mail: email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org
2 Purple Mountain Observatory CAS, No. 8 Yuanhua Road, Qixia District, Nanjing 210034, PR China
3 Leiden Observatory, Leiden University, Niels Bohrweg 2, 2333 CA Leiden, The Netherlands
4 Center for Astrophysics | Harvard & Smithsonian, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
5 Shanghai Astronomical Observatory, 80 Nandan Road, Shanghai 200030, PR China
6 Instituto Nationale di Astrofisica, Osservatorio Astrofisico di Arcetri, Largo Enrico Fermi 5, 50125 Firenze, Italy
7 Italian ALMA Regional Centre, INAF-Istituto di Radioastronomia, Via P. Gobetti 101, 40129 Bologna, Italy
Accepted: 3 November 2019
We present trigonometric parallax and proper motion measurements toward 22 GHz water and 6.7 GHz methanol masers in 16 high-mass star-forming regions. These sources are all located in the Scutum spiral arm of the Milky Way. The observations were conducted as part of the Bar and Spiral Structure Legacy (BeSSeL) survey. A combination of 14 sources from a forthcoming study and 14 sources from the literature, we now have a sample of 44 sources in the Scutum spiral arm, covering a Galactic longitude range from 0° to 33°. A group of 16 sources shows large peculiar motions of which 13 are oriented toward the inner Galaxy. A likely explanation for these high peculiar motions is the combined gravitational potential of the spiral arm and the Galactic bar.
Key words: masers / astrometry / parallaxes / proper motions / Galaxy: structure
© ESO 2019
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