Volume 631, November 2019
|Number of page(s)||9|
|Section||Stellar structure and evolution|
|Published online||24 October 2019|
Detection of Hα emission from PZ Telescopii B using SPHERE/ZIMPOL⋆
Max Planck Institute for Astronomy (MPIA), Königstuhl 17, 69117 Heidelberg, Germany
2 ETH Zürich, Institute for Particle Physics and Astrophysics, Wolfgang-Pauli-Str. 27, 8093 Zürich, Switzerland
3 Center for Theoretical Astrophysics and Cosmology, Institute for Computational Science, University of Zürich, Winterthurerstrasse 190, 8057 Zürich, Switzerland
4 Univ. Grenoble Alpes, CNRS, IPAG, 38000 Grenoble, France
Accepted: 16 September 2019
Hα is a powerful tracer of accretion and chromospheric activity, which has been detected in the case of young brown dwarfs and even recently in planetary mass companions (e.g. PDS70 b and c). Hα detections and characterisation of brown dwarf and planet companions can further our knowledge of their formation and evolution, and expanding such a sample is therefore our primary goal. We used the Zurich Imaging POLarimeter (ZIMPOL) of the SPHERE instrument at the Very Large Telescope (VLT) to observe the known 38−72 MJ companion orbiting PZ Tel, obtaining simultaneous angular differential imaging observations in both continuum and narrow Hα band. We detect Hα emission from the companion, making this only the second Hα detection of a companion using the SPHERE instrument. We used our newly added astrometric measurements to update the orbital analysis of PZ Tel B, and we used our photometric measurements to evaluate the Hα line flux. Given the estimated bolometric luminosity, we obtained an Hα activity (log(LHα/Lbol)) between −4.16 and −4.31. The Hα activity of PZ Tel B is consistent with known average activity levels for M dwarf of the same spectral type. Given the absence of a known gaseous disk and the relatively old age of the system (24 Myr), we conclude that the Hα emission around PZ Tel B is likely due to chromospheric activity.
Key words: instrumentation: high angular resolution / methods: observational / stars: activity / stars: individual: PZ Tel / stars: imaging
© A. M. Barcucci et al. 2019
Open Access article, published by EDP Sciences, under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Open Access funding provided by Max Planck Society.
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