Volume 631, November 2019
|Number of page(s)||23|
|Section||Galactic structure, stellar clusters and populations|
|Published online||21 October 2019|
IC 4665 DANCe
I. Members, empirical isochrones, magnitude distributions, present-day system mass function, and spatial distribution⋆
Laboratoire d’astrophysique de Bordeaux, Univ. Bordeaux, CNRS, B18N, Allée Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 33615 Pessac, France
2 Depto. de Inteligencia Artificial, UNED, Juan del Rosal, 16, 28040 Madrid, Spain
3 Department of Astronomy, The University of Tokyo, 7-3-1, Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0033, Japan
4 National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, 2-21-1, Osawa, Mitaka, Tokyo 181-8588, Japan
5 Astrobiology Center, 2-21-1, Osawa, Mitaka, Tokyo 181-8588, Japan
6 National Optical Astronomy Observatory, 950 North Cherry Avenue, Tucson, AZ 85719, USA
7 Institut d’Astrophysique de Paris, CNRS UMR 7095 and UPMC, 98bis bd Arago, 75014 Paris, France
8 Depto. Statistics and Operations Research, University of Cádiz, Campus Universitario Río San Pedro s/n, 11510 Puerto Real, Cádiz, Spain
9 Las Campanas Observatory, Carnegie Institution of Washington, Colina el Pino, 601 Casilla, La Serena, Chile
10 Centro de Astrobiología (CSIC-INTA), ESAC Campus, Camino Bajo del Castillo s/n, 28692 Villanueva de la Cañada, Madrid, Spain
11 AIM Paris Saclay, CNRS/INSU, CEA/Irfu, Université Paris Diderot, Orme des Merisiers, France
12 Univ. Grenoble Alpes, CNRS, IPAG, 38000 Grenoble, France
Accepted: 23 July 2019
Context. The study of star formation is extremely challenging, due to the lack of complete and clean samples of young nearby clusters and star-forming regions. The recent Gaia DR2 catalogue complemented with the deep ground-based COSMIC DANCe catalogue offers a new database of unprecedented accuracy to revisit the membership of clusters and star-forming regions. The 30 Myr open cluster IC 4665 is one of the few well-known clusters of this age and it is an excellent target where evolutionary models can be tested and planetary formation studied.
Aims. We provide a comprehensive membership analysis of IC 4665 and study the following properties: empirical isochrones, distance, magnitude distribution, present-day system mass function, and spatial distribution.
Methods. We used the Gaia DR2 catalogue together with the DANCe catalogue to look for members via a probabilistic model of the distribution of the observable quantities in both the cluster and background populations.
Results. We obtained a final list of 819 candidate members that cover a 12.4 magnitude range (7 < J < 19.4). We find that 50% are new candidates, and we estimate a conservative contamination rate of 20%. This unique sample of members allows us to obtain a present-day system mass function in the range of 0.02–6 M⊙, which reveals a number of details not seen in previous studies. In addition, we find that a spherically symmetric spatial distribution is favoured by our final list of members for this young open cluster.
Conclusions. Our membership analysis represents a significant increase in the quantity and quality (low contamination) with respect to previous studies. It offers an excellent opportunity to revisit other fundamental parameters such as age.
Key words: proper motions / stars: luminosity function / mass function / open clusters and associations: individual: IC 4665 / stars: low-mass / brown dwarfs
Full Tables 4 and 5 are only available at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (126.96.36.199) or via http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/cat/J/A+A/631/A57
© N. Miret-Roig et al. 2019
Open Access article, published by EDP Sciences, under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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