Volume 631, November 2019
|Number of page(s)||12|
|Section||Stellar structure and evolution|
|Published online||29 October 2019|
Discovery of a nitrogen-enhanced mildly metal-poor binary system: Possible evidence for pollution from an extinct AGB star
Instituto de Astronomía y Ciencias Planetarias, Universidad de Atacama, Copayapu 485, Copiapó, Chile
2 Institut Utinam, CNRS UMR 6213, Université Bourgogne-Franche-Comté, OSU THETA Franche-Comté, Observatoire de Besançon, BP 1615, 25010 Besançon Cedex, France
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3 Departamento de Astronomía, Casilla 160-C, Universidad de Concepción, Concepción, Chile
4 Astronomical Institute of the Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Boční II 1401/1, 141 00 Prague, Czech Republic
5 Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias, Vía Láctea s/n, 38205 La Laguna, Tenerife, Spain
6 Departamento de Astrofísica, Universidad de La Laguna (ULL), 38206 La Laguna, Tenerife, Spain
7 School of Physics, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW 2052, Australia
8 Centre of Excellence for Astrophysics in Three Dimensions (ASTRO-3D), Sydney, Australia
9 Department of Physics and JINA Center for the Evolution of the Elements, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, IN 46556, USA
10 Center for Astrophysical Sciences and Department of Physics and Astronomy, The Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21218, USA
11 ELTE Eötvös Loránd University, Gothard Astrophysical Observatory, Szombathely, Hungary
12 Depto. de Cs. Físicas, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas, Universidad Andrés Bello, Av. Fernández Concha 700, Las Condes, Santiago, Chile
13 Millennium Institute of Astrophysics, Av. Vicuna Mackenna 4860, 782-0436 Santiago, Chile
14 Vatican Observatory, V00120 Vatican City State, Italy
15 School of Physics and Astronomy, Sun Yat-sen University, 519082 Zhuhai, PR China
16 Universidade de São Paulo, IAG, Rua do Matão 1226, Cidade Universitária, 05508-900 São Paulo, Brazil
Accepted: 2 September 2019
We report the serendipitous discovery of a nitrogen-rich, mildly metal-poor ([Fe/H] = −1.08) giant star in a single-lined spectroscopic binary system found in the SDSS-IV Apache Point Observatory Galactic Evolution Experiment (APOGEE-2) survey, Data Release 14 (DR14). Previous work has assumed that two percent of halo giants with unusual elemental abundances have been evaporated from globular clusters, but other origins for their abundance signatures, including binary mass transfer, must also be explored. We present the results of an abundance reanalysis of the APOGEE-2 high-resolution near-infrared spectrum of 2M12451043+1217401 with the Brussels Automatic Stellar Parameter (BACCHUS) automated spectral analysis code. We manually re-derive the main element families, namely light elements (C, N), elements (O, Mg, Si), the iron-peak element (Fe), s-process element (Ce), and light odd-Z element (Al). Our analysis confirms the N-rich nature of 2M12451043+1217401, which has a [N/Fe] ratio of +0.69, and shows that the abundances of C and Al are slightly discrepant from those of a typical mildly metal-poor red giant branch star, but exhibit Mg, Si, O and s-process abundances (Ce) of typical field stars. We also detect a particularly large variability in the radial velocity of this star over the period of the APOGEE-2 observations; the most likely orbit fit to the radial velocity data has a period of 730.89 ± 106.86 days, a velocity semi-amplitude of 9.92 ± 0.14 km s−1, and an eccentricity of ∼0.1276 ± 0.1174. These data support the hypothesis of a binary companion, which has probably been polluted by a now-extinct asymptotic giant branch star.
Key words: stars: abundances / stars: AGB and post-AGB / stars: evolution / stars: chemically peculiar / binaries: general / techniques: spectroscopic
© J. G. Fernández-Trincado et al. 2019
Open Access article, published by EDP Sciences, under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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