Volume 631, November 2019
|Number of page(s)||12|
|Section||Planets and planetary systems|
|Published online||08 November 2019|
Twisted debris: how differential secular perturbations shape debris disks
Astrophysikalisches Institut, Friedrich-Schiller-Universität Jena,
e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; email@example.com
Accepted: 13 September 2019
Context. Resolved images suggest that asymmetric structures are a common feature of cold debris disks. While planets close to these disks are rarely detected, their hidden presence and gravitational perturbations provide plausible explanations for some of these features.
Aims. To put constraints on the properties of yet undetected planetary companions, we aim to predict what features such a planet imprints in debris disks undergoing continuous collisional evolution.
Methods. We discuss the basic equations, analytic approximations and timescales governing collisions, radiation pressure and secular perturbations. In addition, we combine our numerical model of the collisional evolution of the size and spatial distributions in debris disks with the gravitational perturbation by a single planet.
Results. We find that the distributions of orbital elements in the disks are strongly dependent on grain sizes. Secular precession is differential with respect to involved semi-major axes and grain sizes. This leads to observable differences between the big grains tracing the parent belt and the small grains in the trailing halo. Observations at different wavelengths can be used to constrain the properties of a possible planet.
Key words: circumstellar matter / planetary systems / planet-disk interactions / celestial mechanics / methods: analytical / methods: numerical
© ESO 2019
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