Volume 630, October 2019
|Number of page(s)||14|
|Section||Interstellar and circumstellar matter|
|Published online||09 October 2019|
Interstellar dust along the line of sight of GX 3+1★
SRON Netherlands Institute for Space Research,
Sorbonnelaan 2, 3584 CA Utrecht, The Netherlands
2 Anton Pannekoek Astronomical Institute, University of Amsterdam, PO Box 94249, 1090 GE Amsterdam, The Netherlands
3 Academia Sinica Institute of Astronomy and Astrophysics, 11F of AS/NTU Astronomy-Mathematics Building, No. 1, Section 4, Roosevelt Rd, Taipei 10617, Taiwan, PR China
4 Debye Institute for Nanomaterials Science, Utrecht University, Universiteitweg 99, 3584 CG Utrecht, The Netherlands
5 Astrophysikalisches Institut und Universitäts-Sternwarte (AIU), Schillergäßchen 2-3, 07745 Jena, Germany
Accepted: 30 August 2019
Context. Studying absorption and scattering of X-ray radiation by interstellar dust grains allows us to access the physical and chemical properties of cosmic grains even in the densest regions of the Galaxy.
Aims. We aim at characterising the dust silicate population which presents clear absorption features in the energy band covered by the Chandra X-ray Observatory. Through these absorption features, in principle, it is possible to infer the size distribution, composition, and structure of silicate in the interstellar medium. In particular, in this work we investigate magnesium and silicon K-edges.
Methods. We built X-ray extinction models for 15 dust candidates using newly acquired synchrotron measurements. These models were adapted for astrophysical analysis and implemented in the SPEX spectral fitting program. We used the models to reproduce the dust absorption features observed in the spectrum of the bright low mass X-ray binary GX 3+1, which is used as a background source.
Results. With the simultaneous analysis of the two edges we test two different size distributions of dust: one corresponding to the standard Mathis-Rumpl-Nordsieck model and one considering larger grains (n(a) ∝ ai−3.5 with 0.005 μm < a1 < 0.25 μm and 0.05 μm < a2 < 0.5 μm, respectively, with a the grain size). These distributions may be representative of the complex Galactic region towards this source. We find that up to 70% of dust is constituted by amorphous olivine. We discuss the crystallinity of the cosmic dust found along this line of sight. Both magnesium and silicon are highly depleted into dust (δZ = 0.89 and 0.94, respectively), while their total abundance does not depart from solar values.
Key words: dust, extinction / X-rays: ISM / X-rays: individuals: GX 3+1 / astrochemistry / X-rays: binaries / ISM: abundances
The absorption, scattering, and extinction cross sections of the compounds are also available at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (188.8.131.52) or via http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/cat/J/A+A/630/A143
© ESO 2019
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