Volume 629, September 2019
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Published online||13 September 2019|
The influence of Hinode/SOT NFI instrumental effects on the visibility of simulated prominence fine structures in Hα
Astronomical Institute, The Czech Academy of Sciences, 25165 Ondřejov, Czech Republic
2 Astronomical Observatory, Kyoto University, 17 Ohmine-cho Kita Kazan, Yamashina-ku, Kyoto, Kyoto 607-8471, Japan
Accepted: 5 August 2019
Context. Models of entire prominences with their numerous fine structures distributed within the prominence magnetic field use approximate radiative transfer techniques to visualize the simulated prominences. However, to accurately compare synthetic images of prominences obtained in this way with observations and to precisely analyze the visibility of even the faintest prominence features, it is important to take into account the influence of instrumental properties on the synthetic spectra and images.
Aims. In the present work, we investigate how synthetic Hα images of simulated prominences are impacted by the instrumental effects induced by the Narrowband Filter Imager (NFI) of the Solar Optical Telescope (SOT) onboard the Hinode satellite.
Methods. To process the synthetic Hα images provided by 3D Whole-Prominence Fine Structure (WPFS) models into SOT-like synthetic Hα images, we take into account the effects of the integration over the theoretical narrow-band transmission profile of NFI Lyot filter, the influence of the stray-light and point spread function (PSF) of Hinode/SOT, and the observed noise level. This allows us to compare the visibility of the prominence fine structures in the SOT-like synthetic Hα images with the synthetic Hα line-center images used by the 3D models and with a pair of Hinode/SOT NFI observations of quiescent prominences.
Results. The comparison between the SOT-like synthetic Hα images and the synthetic Hα line-center images shows that all large and small-scale features are very similar in both visualizations and that the same very faint prominence fine structures can be discerned in both. This demonstrates that the computationally efficient Hα line-center visualization technique can be reliably used for the purpose of visualization of complex 3D prominence models. In addition, the qualitative comparison between the SOT-like synthetic images and prominence observations shows that the 3D WPFS models can reproduce large-scale prominence features rather well. However, the distribution of the prominence fine structures is significantly more diffuse in the observations than in the models and the diffuse intensity areas surrounding the observed prominences are also not present in the synthetic images. We also found that the maximum intensities reached in the models are about twice as high as those present in the observations–an indication that the mass-loading assumed in the present 3D WPFS models might be too large.
Key words: Sun: filaments / prominences / techniques: image processing / methods: numerical
© ESO 2019
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