Volume 629, September 2019
|Number of page(s)||20|
|Section||Catalogs and data|
|Published online||22 August 2019|
The HST Key Project galaxies NGC 1326A, NGC 1425, and NGC 4548: New variable stars and massive star population⋆
IAASARS, National Observatory of Athens, 15236 Penteli, Greece
2 Department of Astrophysics, Astronomy & Mechanics, Faculty of Physics, University of Athens, 15783 Athens, Greece
3 Astronomický ústav, Akademie věd České republiky, Fričova 298, 251 65 Ondřejov, Czech Republic
Accepted: 11 July 2019
Studies of the massive star population in galaxies beyond the Local Group are the key to understanding the link between their numbers and modes of star formation in different environments. We present the analysis of the massive star population of the galaxies NGC 1326A, NGC 1425, and NGC 4548 using archival images obtained with the Hubble Space Telescope Wide Field Planetary Camera 2 in the F555W and F814W filters. Through high-precision point spread function fitting photometry for all sources in the three fields, we identified 7640 candidate blue supergiants, 2314 candidate yellow supergiants, and 4270 candidate red supergiants. We provide an estimate of the ratio of blue to red supergiants for each field as a function of galactocentric radius. Using Modules for Experiments in Stellar Astrophysics (MESA) at solar metallicity, we defined the luminosity function and estimated the star formation history of each galaxy. We carried out a variability search in the V and I filters using three variability indexes: the median absolute deviation, the interquartile range, and the inverse von Neumann ratio. This analysis yielded 243 new variable candidates with absolute magnitudes ranging from MV = −4 to −10 mag. We classified the variable stars based on their absolute magnitude and their position on the color–magnitude diagram using the MESA evolutionary tracks at solar metallicity. Our analysis yielded 8 candidate variable blue supergiants, 12 candidate variable yellow supergiants, 21 candidate variable red supergiants, and 4 candidate periodic variables.
Key words: galaxies: individual: NGC 1326A / galaxies: individual: NGC 1425 / galaxies: individual: NGC 4548 / stars: massive / supergiants / stars: variables: general
Full Tables 1, 2, 3, and Tables 6–10 are only available at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (188.8.131.52) or via http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/qcat?J/A+A/629/A3
© ESO 2019
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