Volume 627, July 2019
|Number of page(s)||10|
|Published online||02 July 2019|
Exploring the damping of Alfvén waves along a long off-limb coronal loop, up to 1.4 R⊙
DAMTP, Centre for Mathematical Sciences, University of Cambridge, Wilberforce Road, Cambridge CB3 0WA, UK
2 Udaipur Solar Observatory, Physical Research Laboratory, Badi Road, Udaipur 313 001, India
Accepted: 23 May 2019
The Alfvén wave energy flux in the corona can be explored using the electron density and velocity amplitude of the waves. The velocity amplitude of Alfvén waves can be obtained from the non-thermal velocity of spectral line profiles. Previous calculations of the Alfvén wave energy flux with height in active regions and polar coronal holes have provided evidence for the damping of Alfvén waves with height. We present off-limb Hinode Extreme-ultraviolet Imaging Spectrometer (EIS) observations of a long coronal loop up to 1.4 R⊙. We obtained the electron density along the loop and found the loop to be almost in hydrostatic equilibrium. We obtained the temperature using the emission measure-loci (EM-loci) method and found the loop to be isothermal across, as well as along, the loop with a temperature of about 1.37 MK. We significantly improve the estimate of non-thermal velocities over previous studies by using the estimated ion (equal to electron) temperature. Estimates of electron densities are improved using the significant updates of the CHIANTI v.8 atomic data. More accurate measurements of propagating Alfvén wave energy along the coronal loop and its damping are presented up to distances of 1.4 R⊙, further than have been previously explored. The Alfvén wave energy flux obtained could contribute to a significant part of the coronal losses due to radiation along the loop.
Key words: Sun: corona / Sun: UV radiation / waves / turbulence
© ESO 2019
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