Volume 627, July 2019
|Number of page(s)||12|
|Section||Interstellar and circumstellar matter|
|Published online||04 July 2019|
Deuterated methanol toward NGC 7538-IRS1★
Université Grenoble Alpes, CNRS, IPAG,
2 INAF – Osservatorio Astrofisico di Arcetri, Largo E. Fermi 5, 50125 Florence, Italy
3 Department of Physics and Astronomy, Western Washington University, 516 High St, Bellingham, WA 98225, USA
4 Centre for Laser, Atomic, and Molecular Sciences (CLAMS), Department of Physics, University of New Brunswick, PO Box 5050, Saint John, NB, Canada
5 Department of Astronomy, University of Michigan, 1085 South University Avenue, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109, USA
Accepted: 15 May 2019
We investigate the deuteration of methanol towards the high-mass star-forming region NGC 7538-IRS1. We carried out a multi-transition study of CH3OH, 13CH3OH, and the deuterated flavors, CH2DOH and CH3OD, between 1.0 and 1.4 mm with the IRAM-30 m antenna. In total, 34 13CH3OH, 13 CH2DOH lines and 20 CH3OD lines spanning a wide range of upper-state energies (Eup) were detected. From the detected transitions, we estimate that the measured D/H does not exceed 1%, with a measured CH2DOH/CH3OH and CH3OD/CH3OH of about (32 ± 8) × 10−4 and (10 ± 4) × 10−4, respectively. This finding is consistent with the hypothesis of a short-timescale formation during the pre-stellar phase. We find a relative abundance CH2DOH/CH3OD ratio of 3.2 ± 1.5. This result is consistent with a statistical deuteration. We cannot exclude H/D exchanges between water and methanol if water deuteration is of the order 0.1%, as suggested by recent Herschel observations.
Key words: ISM: molecules / ISM: abundances / radio lines: ISM / astrochemistry / ISM: individual objects: NGC 7538
© ESO 2019
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