Volume 627, July 2019
|Number of page(s)||24|
|Section||Atomic, molecular, and nuclear data|
|Published online||01 July 2019|
X-ray spectra of the Fe-L complex⋆
RIKEN High Energy Astrophysics Laboratory, 2-1 Hirosawa, Wako, Saitama 351-0198, Japan
2 SRON Netherlands Institute for Space Research, Sorbonnelaan 2, 3584 CA Utrecht, The Netherlands
3 Astronomical Institute “Anton Pannekoek”, University of Amsterdam, Science Park 904, 1098 XH Amsterdam, The Netherlands
4 Department of Physics, University of Strathclyde, Glasgow G4 0NG, UK
5 Max-Planck-Institut für Kernphysik, 69117 Heidelberg, Germany
6 Institute of Astronomy, Madingley Road, CB3 0HA Cambridge, UK
7 MTA-Eötvös University Lendület Hot Universe Research Group, Pázmány Péter sétány 1/A, Budapest 1117, Hungary
8 Department of Theoretical Physics and Astrophysics, Faculty of Science, Masaryk University, Kotláská 2, Brno 611 37, Czech Republic
9 School of Science, Hiroshima University, 1-3-1 Kagamiyama, Higashi-Hiroshima 739-8526, Japan
10 Leiden Observatory, Leiden University, PO Box 9513 2300 RA Leiden, The Netherlands
11 Kavli Institute for the Physics and Mathematics of the Universe (WPI), University of Tokyo, Kashiwa 277-8583, Japan
12 Institute of Physics, Eötvös University, Pázmány Péter sétány 1/A, Budapest 1117, Hungary
Accepted: 19 May 2019
The Hitomi results on the Perseus cluster have led to improvements in our knowledge of atomic physics that are crucial for the precise diagnostic of hot astrophysical plasma observed with high-resolution X-ray spectrometers. However, modeling uncertainties remains, both within but especially beyond Hitomi’s spectral window. A major challenge in spectral modeling is the Fe-L spectrum, which is basically a complex assembly of n ≥ 3 to n = 2 transitions of Fe ions in different ionization states, affected by a range of atomic processes such as collisional excitation, resonant excitation, radiative recombination, dielectronic recombination, and innershell ionization. In this paper we perform a large-scale theoretical calculation on each of the processes with the flexible atomic code (FAC), focusing on ions of Fe XVII to Fe XXIV that form the main body of the Fe-L complex. The calculation includes a large set of energy levels with a broad range of quantum number n and l, taking into account the full-order configuration interaction and all possible resonant channels between two neighboring ions. The new data are found to be consistent within 20% with the recent individual R-matrix calculations for the main Fe-L lines, although the discrepancies become significantly larger for the weaker transitions, in particular for Fe XVIII, Fe XIX, and Fe XX. By further testing the new FAC calculations with the high-quality RGS data from 15 elliptical galaxies and galaxy clusters, we note that the new model gives systematically better fits than the current SPEX v3.04 code, and the mean Fe abundance decreases by 12%, while the O/Fe ratio increases by 16% compared with the results from the current code. Comparing the FAC fit results to those with the R-matrix calculations, we find a temperature-dependent discrepancy of up to ∼10% on the Fe abundance between the two theoretical models. Further dedicated tests with both observed spectra and targeted laboratory measurements are needed to resolve the discrepancies, and ultimately to get the atomic data ready for the next high-resolution X-ray spectroscopy mission.
Key words: atomic data / atomic processes / techniques: spectroscopic / galaxies: clusters: intracluster medium
Full Tables 1 and 2 are only available at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (126.96.36.199) or via http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/qcat?J/A+A/627/A51
© ESO 2019
Current usage metrics show cumulative count of Article Views (full-text article views including HTML views, PDF and ePub downloads, according to the available data) and Abstracts Views on Vision4Press platform.
Data correspond to usage on the plateform after 2015. The current usage metrics is available 48-96 hours after online publication and is updated daily on week days.
Initial download of the metrics may take a while.