Volume 626, June 2019
|Number of page(s)||17|
|Section||Interstellar and circumstellar matter|
|Published online||24 June 2019|
Molecular analysis of a high-mass prestellar core candidate in W43-MM1
Laboratoire d’astrophysique de Bordeaux, Université de Bordeaux, CNRS, B18N, allée Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire,
2 Université Grenoble Alpes, CNRS, Institut de Planétologie et d’Astrophysique de Grenoble, 38000 Grenoble, France
3 Laboratoire de Physique de l’École normale supérieure, ENS, Université PSL, CNRS, Sorbonne Université, Université Paris-Diderot, Sorbonne Paris Cité, Paris, France
4 LERMA, Observatoire de Paris, PSL Research University, CNRS, Sorbonne Université, UPMC Université Paris 06, 75231 Paris, France
5 AIM Paris-Saclay Département d’Astrophysique, CEA, CNRS, Univ. Paris Diderot, CEA-Saclay, 91191 Gif-sur-Yvette Cedex, France
6 Departamento de Astronomía de Chile, Universidad de Chile, Santiago, Chile
Accepted: 11 May 2019
Context. High-mass analogues of low-mass prestellar cores are searched for to constrain the models of high-mass star formation. Several high-mass cores, at various evolutionary stages, have been recently identified towards the massive star-forming region W43-MM1 and amongst them a high-mass prestellar core candidate.
Aims. We aim to characterise the chemistry in this high-mass prestellar core candidate, referred to as W43-MM1 core #6, and its environment.
Methods. Using ALMA high-spatial resolution data of W43-MM1, we have studied the molecular content of core #6 and a neighbouring high-mass protostellar core, referred to as #3, which is similar in size and mass to core #6. We first subtracted the continuum emission using a method based on the density distribution of the intensities on each pixel. Then, from the distribution of detected molecules, we identified the molecules centred on the prestellar core candidate (core #6) and those associated to shocks related to outflows and filament formation. Then we constrained the column densities and temperatures of the molecules detected towards the two cores.
Results. While core #3 appears to contain a hot core with a temperature of about 190 K, core #6 seems to have a lower temperature in the range from 20 to 90 K from a rotational diagram analysis. We have considered different source sizes for core #6 and the comparison of the abundances of the detected molecules towards the core with various interstellar sources shows that it is compatible with a core of size 1000 au with T = 20−90 K or a core of size 500 au with T ~ 80 K.
Conclusions. Core #6 of W43-MM1 remains one of the best high-mass prestellar core candidates even if we cannot exclude that it is at the very beginning of the protostellar phase of high-mass star formation.
Key words: stars: formation / stars: massive / ISM: abundances / ISM: molecules / radio lines: ISM
© J. Molet et al. 2019
Open Access article, published by EDP Sciences, under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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