Volume 625, May 2019
|Number of page(s)||12|
|Published online||16 May 2019|
The ultra-diffuse galaxy NGC 1052-DF2 with MUSE
European Southern Observatory, Karl-Schwarzschild-Str. 2, 85748 Garching, Germany
2 Univ. Lyon, Univ. Lyon1, ENS de Lyon, CNRS, Centre de Recherche Astrophysique de Lyon, UMR5574, 69230 Saint-Genis-Laval, France
3 Helmholtz Institut für Strahlen und Kernphysik, Universität Bonn, Nussallee 14–16, 53115 Bonn, Germany
4 Astronomical Institute, Charles University in Prague, V Holešovičkách 2, 180 00 Praha 8, Czech Republic
5 DARK, Niels Bohr Institute, University of Copenhagen, Lyngbyvej 2, 2100 Copenhagen, Denmark
6 Observatoire Astronomique de Strasbourg (ObAS), Université de Strasbourg – CNRS, UMR 7550, Strasbourg, France
7 Youngstown State University, One University Plaza, Youngstown, OH 44555, USA
8 Institut für Astro- und Teilchenphysik, Universität Innsbruck, Technikerstraße 25/8, Innsbruck 6020, Austria
9 NRC Herzberg Astronomy and Astrophysics Research Centre, 5071 West Saanich Road, Victoria, BC V9E 2E7, Canada
10 Department of Astronomy, Peking University, Beijing 100871, PR China
11 Kavli Institute for Astronomy and Astrophysics, Peking University, Beijing 100871, PR China
12 UK Astronomy Technology Centre, Royal Observatory, Blackford Hill, Edinburgh EH9 3HJ, UK
Accepted: 5 March 2019
The so-called ultra-diffuse galaxy NGC 1052-DF2 was announced to be a galaxy lacking dark matter based on a spectroscopic study of its constituent globular clusters. Here we present the first spectroscopic analysis of the stellar body of this galaxy using the MUSE integral-field spectrograph at the (ESO) Very Large Telescope. The MUSE datacube simultaneously provides DF2’s stellar velocity field and systemic velocities for seven globular clusters (GCs). We further discovered three planetary nebulae (PNe) that are likely part of this galaxy. While five of the clusters had velocities measured in the literature, we were able to confirm the membership of two more candidates through precise radial velocity measurements, which increases the measured specific frequency of GCs in DF2. The mean velocity of the diffuse stellar body, 1792.9+1.4−1.8 km s−1, is consistent with the mean globular cluster velocity. We detect a weak but significant velocity gradient within the stellar body, with a kinematic axis close to the photometric major axis, making it a prolate-like rotator. We estimate a velocity dispersion from the clusters and PNe of σint = 10.6−2.3+3.9 km s−1. The velocity dispersion σDF2⋆(Re) for the stellar body within one effective radius is 10.8+3.2−4.0 km s−1. Considering various sources of systemic uncertainties, this central value varies between 5 and 13 km s−1, and we conservatively report a 95% confidence upper limit to the dispersion within one Re of 21 km s−1. We provide updated mass estimates based on these dispersions corresponding to the different distances to NGC 1052-DF2 that have been reported in the recent literature.
Key words: galaxies: dwarf / galaxies: kinematics and dynamics / galaxies: individual: NGC 1052-DF2 / galaxies: stellar content
The reduced datacube is only available at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (188.8.131.52) or via http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/qcat?J/A+A/625/A76
© ESO 2019
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