Volume 625, May 2019
|Number of page(s)||18|
|Published online||22 May 2019|
Spontaneous ring formation in wind-emitting accretion discs
Univ. Grenoble Alpes, CNRS, Institut de Planétologie et d’Astrophysique de Grenoble (IPAG), 38000 Grenoble, France
Accepted: 14 April 2019
Rings and gaps have been observed in a wide range of proto-planetary discs, from young systems like HLTau to older discs like TW Hydra. Recent disc simulations have shown that magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) turbulence (in both the ideal or non-ideal regime) can lead to the formation of rings and be an alternative to the embedded planets scenario. In this paper, we have investigated the way in which these ring form in this context and seek a generic formation process, taking into account the various dissipative regimes and magnetisations probed by the past simulations. We identify the existence of a linear and secular instability, driven by MHD winds, and giving birth to rings of gas that have a width larger than the disc scale height. We show that the linear theory is able to make reliable predictions regarding the growth rates, the contrast and spacing between ring and gap, by comparing these predictions to a series of 2D (axisymmetric) and 3D MHD numerical simulations. In addition, we demonstrate that these rings can act as dust traps provided that the disc is sufficiently magnetised, with plasma beta lower than 104. Given its robustness, the process identified in this paper could have important implications, not only for proto-planetary discs but also for a wide range of accreting systems threaded by large-scale magnetic fields.
Key words: accretion, accretion disks / protoplanetary disks / magnetohydrodynamics (MHD) / instabilities / turbulence
© A. Riols and G. Lesur 2019
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