Volume 625, May 2019
|Number of page(s)||8|
|Section||Interstellar and circumstellar matter|
|Published online||10 May 2019|
The relation between 5780 and 5797 diffuse interstellar bands, CH/CH+ molecules, and atomic or molecular hydrogen
Institute of Physics, Kazimierz Wielki University,
Accepted: 16 March 2019
Correlations between column densities of neutral and molecular hydrogen and strengths of major 5780 and 5797 Å diffuse interstellar bands (DIBs) based on spectra of 66 OB stars were analyzed. We confirm that the 5797 Å DIB is more tightly correlated with column density of molecular hydrogen while the 5780 DIB – with that of atomic hydrogen. This leads to a reasonably tight relation between the molecular fraction of H2 and equivalent width ratio of the 5797 and 5780 major diffuse bands with correlation coefficient equal to 0.77 ± 0.05. Column densities of CH and CH+ molecules were used to analyze correlations between abundances of CH/CH+ molecules and strengths of the major 5780 and 5797 DIBs. The 5780 DIB is better correlated with the column density of methydyline cation than the 5797 DIB. A relation with correlation coefficient equal to 0.95 ± 0.02 based on precise column densities, between column densities of CH and H2 molecules, is also presented; in other words, the column densitiy ratio in the case of H2 and CH molecules in the ISM is equal to (2.01 ± 0.09) × 107.
Key words: ISM: clouds
© ESO 2019
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