Predicted MOND velocity dispersions for a catalog of ultra-diffuse galaxies in group environments
Université de Strasbourg, Observatoire Astronomique de Strasbourg (ObAS), CNRS UMR 7550, Strasbourg, France
2 Scottish Universities’ Physics Alliance, University of St Andrews, St Andrews, UK
Accepted: 9 January 2019
The possibility that ultra-diffuse galaxies are lacking dark matter has recently stimulated interest to check the validity of modified Newton dynamics (MOND) predictions on the scale of such galaxies. It has been shown that the external field effect (EFE) induced by the close-by galaxy can suppress the velocity dispersion of these systems, so that they appear almost dark matter free in the Newtonian context. Here, following up on this, we are making a priori predictions for the velocity dispersion of 22 ultra-diffuse galaxies in the nearby Universe. This sample can be used to test MOND and the EFE with future follow-up measurements. We have constructed a catalog of nearby ultra-diffuse galaxies in galaxy group environments, and set upper and lower limits for the possible velocity dispersion allowed in MOND, taking into account possible variations in the mass-to-light ratio of the dwarf and in the distance to the galaxy group. The prediction for the velocity dispersion is made as a function of the three dimensional separation of the dwarf to its host. In 17 out of 22 cases, the EFE plays a crucial role in the prediction.
Key words: galaxies: kinematics and dynamics / galaxies: dwarf / cosmology: theory
© O. Müller et al. 2019
Open Access article, published by EDP Sciences, under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.