Discovery of a sub-Keplerian disk with jet around a 20 M⊙ young star
ALMA observations of G023.01–00.41
Max-Planck-Institut für Radioastronomie,
Auf dem Hügel 69,
2 INAF, Osservatorio Astronomico di Cagliari, Via della Scienza 5, 09047 Selargius (CA), Italy
3 Institute of Astronomy and Astrophysics, University of Tübingen, Auf der Morgenstelle 10, 72076 Tübingen, Germany
4 INAF, Osservatorio Astrofisico di Arcetri, Largo E. Fermi 5, 50125 Firenze, Italy
5 Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
6 Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies, Astronomy & Astrophysics Section, 31 Fitzwilliam Place, Dublin 2, Ireland
7 Department of Astrophysics/IMAPP, Radboud University Nijmegen, PO Box 9010, 6500 GL Nijmegen, The Netherlands
8 Instituto de Radioastronomía y Astrofísica UNAM, Apartado Postal 3-72 (Xangari), 58089 Morelia, Michoacán, México
Accepted: 14 January 2019
It is well established that solar-mass stars gain mass via disk accretion, until the mass reservoir of the disk is exhausted and dispersed, or condenses into planetesimals. Accretion disks are intimately coupled with mass ejection via polar cavities in the form of jets and less collimated winds, which allow mass accretion through the disk by removing a substantial fraction of its angular momentum. Whether disk accretion is the mechanism leading to the formation of stars with much higher masses is still unclear. Here, we are able to build a comprehensive picture of the formation of an O-type star by directly imaging a molecular disk, which rotates and undergoes infall around the central star, and drives a molecular jet that arises from the inner disk regions. The accretion disk is truncated between 2000 and 3000 au, it has a mass of about a tenth of the central star mass, and is infalling towards the central star at a high rate (6 × 10−4 M⊙ yr−1), so as to build up a very massive object. These findings, obtained with the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array at 700 au resolution, provide observational proof that young massive stars can form via disk accretion much like solar-mass stars.
Key words: stars: formation / techniques: high angular resolution / stars: massive / ISM: kinematics and dynamics
© A. Sanna et al. 2019
Open Access article, published by EDP Sciences, under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Open Access funding provided by Max Planck Society.