Momentum-driven outflow emission from an O-type YSO
Comparing the radio jet with the molecular outflow
1 Max-Planck-Institut für Radioastronomie, Auf dem Hügel 69, 53121 Bonn, Germany
2 INAF, Osservatorio Astrofisico di Arcetri, Largo E. Fermi 5, 50125 Firenze, Italy
3 Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies, Astronomy & Astrophysics Section, 31 Fitzwilliam Place, 2 Dublin, Ireland
4 Department of Astrophysics/IMAPP, Radboud University Nijmegen, PO Box 9010, 6500 GL Nijmegen, The Netherlands
5 Instituto de Radioastronomía y Astrofísica UNAM, Apartado Postal 3-72 (Xangari), 58089 Morelia, Michoacán, Mexico
Received: 17 August 2016
Accepted: 31 October 2016
Aims. We seek to study the physical properties of the ionized jet emission in the vicinity of an O-type young stellar object (YSO) and to estimate the efficiency of the transfer of energy and momentum from small- to large-scale outflows.
Methods. We conducted Karl G. Jansky Very Large Array (VLA) observations, at both 22 and 45 GHz, of compact and faint radio continuum emission in the high-mass star-forming region G023.01−00.41 with an angular resolution between 0".3 and 0".1 and a thermal rms on the order of 10 μJy beam-1.
Results. We discovered a collimated thermal (bremsstrahlung) jet emission with a radio luminosity (Lrad) of 24 mJy kpc2 at 45 GHz in the inner 1000 AU from an O-type YSO. The radio thermal jet has an opening angle of 44° and carries a momentum rate of 8 × 10-3 M⊙ yr-1 km s-1. By combining the new data with previous observations of the molecular outflow and water maser shocks, we can trace the outflow emission from its driving source through the molecular clump across more than two orders of magnitude in length (500 AU–0.2 pc). We find that the momentum-transfer efficiency between the inner jet emission and the extended outflow of entrained ambient gas is near unity. This result suggests that the large-scale flow is swept up by the mechanical force of radio jet emission, which originates from within 1000 AU of the high-mass YSO.
Key words: radio continuum: stars / ISM: jets and outflows / stars: formation / stars: individual: G023.01-00.41
© ESO, 2016