Volume 622, February 2019
LOFAR Surveys: a new window on the Universe
|Number of page(s)||10|
|Published online||19 February 2019|
Blazars in the LOFAR Two-Metre Sky Survey first data release
School of Physics, University College Dublin, Belfield Dublin 4, Ireland
2 ASTRON, Netherlands Institute for Radio Astronomy, PostBus 2, 7990 AA Dwingeloo, The Netherlands
3 Kapteyn Astronomical Institute, University of Groningen, PO Box 800, 9700 AV Groningen, The Netherlands
4 Leiden Observatory, Leiden University, PO Box 9513, 2300 RA Leiden, The Netherlands
5 Astrophysics, University of Oxford, Denys Wilkinson Building, Keble Road, Oxford OX1 3RH, UK
6 SUPA, Institute for Astronomy, Royal Observatory, Blackford Hill, Edinburgh EH9 3HJ, UK
7 CSIRO Astronomy and Space Science, PO Box 1130 Bentley WA 6102, Australia
8 Centre for Astrophysics Research, School of Physics, Astronomy and Mathematics, University of Hertfordshire, College Lane, Hatfield AL10 9AB, UK
9 INAF – Istituto di Radioastronomia, Via P. Gobetti 101, 40129 Bologna, Italy
10 Anton Pannekoek Institute for Astronomy, University of Amsterdam, Postbus 94249 1090 GE Amsterdam, The Netherlands
11 GEPI & USN, Observatoire de Paris, Université PSL, CNRS, 5 Place Jules Janssen, 92190 Meudon, France
12 Department of Physics & Electronics, Rhodes University, PO Box 94, Grahamstown 6140, South Africa
Accepted: 18 October 2018
Historically, the blazar population has been poorly understood at low frequencies because survey sensitivity and angular resolution limitations have made it difficult to identify megahertz counterparts. We used the LOFAR Two-Metre Sky Survey (LoTSS) first data release value-added catalogue (LDR1) to study blazars in the low-frequency regime with unprecedented sensitivity and resolution. We identified radio counterparts to all 98 known sources from the Third Fermi-LAT Point Source Catalogue (3FGL) or Roma-BZCAT Multi-frequency Catalogue of Blazars (5th edition) that fall within the LDR1 footprint. Only the 3FGL unidentified γ-ray sources (UGS) could not be firmly associated with an LDR1 source; this was due to source confusion. We examined the redshift and radio luminosity distributions of our sample, finding flat-spectrum radio quasars (FSRQs) to be more distant and more luminous than BL Lacertae objects (BL Lacs) on average. Blazars are known to have flat spectra in the gigahertz regime but we found this to extend down to 144 MHz, where the radio spectral index, α, of our sample is −0.17 ± 0.14. For BL Lacs, α = −0.13 ± 0.16 and for FSRQs, α = −0.15 ± 0.17. We also investigated the radio-to-γ-ray connection for the 30 γ-ray-detected sources in our sample. We find Pearson’s correlation coefficient is 0.45 (p = 0.069). This tentative correlation and the flatness of the spectral index suggest that the beamed core emission contributes to the low-frequency flux density. We compare our sample distribution with that of the full LDR1 on colour-colour diagrams, and we use this information to identify possible radio counterparts to two of the four UGS within the LDR1 field. We will refine our results as LoTSS continues.
Key words: surveys / radiation mechanisms: general / radio continuum: galaxies / gamma rays: galaxies / galaxies: active / BL Lacertae objects: general
© ESO 2019
Current usage metrics show cumulative count of Article Views (full-text article views including HTML views, PDF and ePub downloads, according to the available data) and Abstracts Views on Vision4Press platform.
Data correspond to usage on the plateform after 2015. The current usage metrics is available 48-96 hours after online publication and is updated daily on week days.
Initial download of the metrics may take a while.