Volume 622, February 2019
LOFAR Surveys: a new window on the Universe
|Number of page(s)||14|
|Published online||19 February 2019|
Exploring the properties of low-frequency radio emission and magnetic fields in a sample of compact galaxy groups using the LOFAR Two-Metre Sky Survey (LoTSS)
1 Astronomical Observatory, Jagiellonian University, ul. Orla 171, 30-244 Kraków, Poland
2 Fakultät für Physik und Astronomie, Astronomisches Institut, Ruhr-University Bochum, 44780 Bochum, Germany
3 Chalmers University of Technology, Dept of Space, Earth and Environment, Onsala Space Observatory, 439 92 Onsala, Sweden
4 INAF/Istituto di Radioastronomia, Via Gobetti 101, 40129 Bologna, Italy
5 Max-Planck-Institut für Radioastronomie, Auf dem Hügel 69, 53121 Bonn, Germany
6 CSIRO Astronomy and Space Science, PO Box 1130, Bentley, WA, 6102, Australia
7 University of Hamburg, Hamburger Sternwarte, Gojenbergsweg 112, 21029 Hamburg, Germany
8 ASTRON, the Netherlands Institute for Radio Astronomy, Postbus 2, 7990 AA Dwingeloo, The Netherlands
9 GEPI, Observatoire de Paris, CNRS, Université Paris Diderot, 5 place Jules Janssen, 92190 Meudon, France
Accepted: 5 October 2018
We use the LOFAR Two-metre Sky Survey (LoTSS) Data Release I to identify the groups of galaxies (and individual galaxies) from the Hickson compact groups (HCG) and magnitude-limited compact groups (MLCG) samples that emit at the frequency of 150 MHz, characterise their radio emission (extended or limited to the galaxies), and compare new results to earlier observations and theoretical predictions. The detection of 73 systems (and 7 more – probably) out of 120, of which as many as 17 show the presence of extended radio structures, confirms the previous hypothesis of the common character of the magnetic field inside galaxy groups and its detectability. In order to investigate the future potential of low-frequency radio studies of galaxy groups, we also present a more detailed insight into four radio-emitting systems, for which the strength of the magnetic field inside their intergalactic medium (IGM) is calculated. The estimated values are comparable to that found inside star-forming galaxies, suggesting a dynamical and evolutionary importance of the magnetic field in galaxy groups.
Key words: radio continuum: galaxies / galaxies: groups: general / galaxies: magnetic fields / magnetic fields
© ESO 2019
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