Volume 628, August 2019
|Number of page(s)||9|
|Section||Letters to the Editor|
|Published online||05 August 2019|
Letter to the Editor
Warped diffusive radio halo around the quiescent spiral edge-on galaxy NGC 4565⋆
University of Hamburg, Hamburger Sternwarte, Gojenbergsweg 112, 21029 Hamburg, Germany
2 School of Earth and Space Exploration, Arizona State University, PO Box 871404, Tempe, AZ 85287-1404, USA
3 Max-Planck-Institute für Radioastronomie, Auf dem Hügel 69, 53121 Bonn, Germany
4 Astronomisches Institut der Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Universitätsstr. 150, 44780 Bochum, Germany
5 ASTRON, the Netherlands Institute for Radio Astronomy, Postbus 2, 7990 AA Dwingeloo, The Netherlands
6 Chalmers University of Technology, Dept of Space, Earth and Environment, Onsala Space Observatory, 439 92 Onsala, Sweden
7 CSIRO Astronomy and Space Science, PO Box 1130, Bentley, WA 6102, Australia
8 INAF/Istituto di Radioastronomia, Via Gobetti 101, 40129 Bologna, Italy
9 Astronomical Observatory, Jagiellonian University, ul. Orla 171, 30-244 Kraków, Poland
10 Leiden Observatory, Leiden University, Oort Gebouw, PO Box 9513, 2300 RA Leiden, The Netherlands
Accepted: 12 July 2019
Context. Cosmic rays play a pivotal role in launching galactic winds, particularly in quiescently star-forming galaxies where the hot gas alone is not sufficient to drive a wind. Except for the Milky Way, not much is known about the transport of cosmic rays in galaxies.
Aims. In this Letter, we present low-frequency observations of the nearby edge-on spiral galaxy NGC 4565 using the LOw-Frequency ARray (LOFAR). With our deep 144 MHz observations, we obtain a clean estimate of the emission originating from old cosmic-ray electrons (CRe), which is almost free from contamination by thermal emission.
Methods. We measured vertical profiles of the non-thermal radio continuum emission that we fitted with Gaussian and exponential functions. The different profile shapes correspond to 1D cosmic-ray transport models of pure diffusion and advection, respectively.
Results. We detect a warp in the radio continuum that is reminiscent of the previously known H I warp. Because the warp is not seen at GHz-frequencies in the radio continuum, its minimum age must be about 100 Myr. The warp also explains the slight flaring of the thick radio disc that can otherwise be well described by a Gaussian profile with an FWHM of 65 arcsec (3.7 kpc).
Conclusions. The diffusive radio halo together with the extra-planar X-ray emission may be remnants of enhanced star-forming activity in the past where the galaxy had a galactic wind, as GHz-observations indicate only a weak outflow in the last 40 Myr. NGC 4565 could be in transition from an outflow- to an inflow-dominated phase.
Key words: galaxies: halos / galaxies: individual: NGC 4565 / galaxies: magnetic fields / galaxies: spiral / cosmic rays / radio continuum: galaxies
The LOFAR map and the integrated flux density from the LOFAR map are only available at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (188.8.131.52) or via http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/qcat?J/A+A/628/L3
© ESO 2019
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