Volume 622, February 2019
LOFAR Surveys: a new window on the Universe
|Number of page(s)||15|
|Published online||19 February 2019|
LoTSS/HETDEX: Optical quasars
I. Low-frequency radio properties of optically selected quasars⋆
CSIRO Astronomy and Space Science, PO Box 1130, Bentley, WA, 6102 Australia
2 Centre for Astrophysics Research, School of Physics, Astronomy and Mathematics, University of Hertfordshire, College Lane, Hatfield, AL10 9AB UK
3 SUPA, Institute for Astronomy, Royal Observatory, Blackford Hill, Edinburgh, EH9 3HJ UK
4 Astrophysics, University of Oxford, Denys Wilkinson Building, Keble Road, Oxford, OX1 3RH UK
5 INAF – Istituto di Radioastronomia, Via P. Gobetti 101, 40129 Bologna, Italy
6 Physics and Astronomy Department, University of the Western Cape, Bellville, 7535 South Africa
7 Leiden Observatory, Leiden University, PO Box 9513, 2300 RA Leiden, The Netherlands
8 ASTRON, the Netherlands Institute for Radio Astronomy, Postbus 2, 7990 AA Dwingeloo, The Netherlands
9 School of Physical Sciences, The Open University, Walton Hall, Milton Keynes, MK7 6AA UK
10 School of Physics, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin 4, Republic of Ireland
11 GEPI, Observatoire de Paris, CNRS, Université Paris Diderot, 5 place Jules Janssen, 92190 Meudon, France
12 Department of Physics & Electronics, Rhodes University, PO Box 94, Grahamstown, 6140 South Africa
Accepted: 10 October 2018
The radio-loud/radio-quiet (RL/RQ) dichotomy in quasars is still an open question. Although it is thought that accretion onto supermassive black holes in the centre the host galaxies of quasars is responsible for some radio continuum emission, there is still a debate as to whether star formation or active galactic nuclei (AGN) activity dominate the radio continuum luminosity. To date, radio emission in quasars has been investigated almost exclusively using high-frequency observations in which the Doppler boosting might have an important effect on the measured radio luminosity, whereas extended structures, best observed at low radio frequencies, are not affected by the Doppler enhancement. We used a sample of quasars selected by their optical spectra in conjunction with sensitive and high-resolution low-frequency radio data provided by the LOw Frequency ARray (LOFAR) as part of the LOFAR Two-Metre Sky Survey (LoTSS) to investigate their radio properties using the radio loudness parameter (R =L144 MHz/Li band). The examination of the radio continuum emission and RL/RQ dichotomy in quasars exhibits that quasars show a wide continuum of radio properties (i.e. no clear bimodality in the distribution of ℛ). Radio continuum emission at low frequencies in low-luminosity quasars is consistent with being dominated by star formation. We see a significant albeit weak dependency of ℛ on the source nuclear parameters. For the first time, we are able to resolve radio morphologies of a considerable number of quasars. All these crucial results highlight the impact of the deep and high-resolution low-frequency radio surveys that foreshadow the compelling science cases for the Square Kilometre Array (SKA).
Key words: quasars: general / galaxies: active / radio continuum: galaxies
The catalogue is only available at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (188.8.131.52) or via http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/qcat?J/A+A/622/A11
© ESO 2019
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