Investigating the presence of two belts in the HD 15115 system★
ETH Zurich, Institute for Particle Physics and Astrophysics,
8093 Zurich, Switzerland
2 LESIA, Observatoire de Paris, PSL Research University, CNRS, Université Paris Diderot, Sorbonne Paris Cité, UPMC Paris 6, Sorbonne University, 5 place Jules Janssen, 92195 Meudon, France
3 European Southern Observatory, Alonso de Cordova 3107, Casilla 19001 Vitacura, Santiago 19, Chile
4 Université Grenoble Alpes, CNRS, IPAG, 38000 Grenoble, France
5 Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, 4800 Oak Grove Drive, Pasadena, CA 91109, USA
6 Max-Planck-Institut für Astronomie, Königstuhl 17, 69117 Heidelberg, Germany
7 Astrophysics Group, School of Physics, University of Exeter, Exter, UK
8 Laboratoire d’astrophysique de Grenoble, Observatoire de Grenoble, 38000 Grenoble, France
9 Instituto de Física y Astronomía, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad de Valparaíso, Av. Gran Bretaña 1111, Playa Ancha, Valparaíso, Chile
10 Núcleo Milenio Formación Planetaria - NPF, Universidad de Valparaíso, Av. Gran Bretaña 1111, Valparaíso, Chile
11 California Institute of Technology, Astronomy Option, Pasadena, USA
12 Laboratoire AIM, CEA/DRF - CNRS - Université Paris Diderot, IRFU/SAp, UMR 7158, 91191 Gif sur Yvette, France
Accepted: 6 December 2018
Context. High-contrast instruments like SPHERE (Spectro- Polarimetric High-contrast Exoplanet REsearch) enable spatial resolution of young planetary systems and allow us to study the connection between planets and the dust contained in debris discs by the gravitational influence a planet can have on its environment.
Aims. We present new observations of the edge-on debris disc around HD 15115 (F star at 48.2 pc) obtained in the near-IR. We search for observational evidence for a second inner planetesimal ring in the system.
Methods. We obtained total intensity and polarimetric data in the broad bands J and H and processed the data with differential imaging techniques achieving an angular resolution of about 40 mas. A grid of models describing the spatial distribution of the grains in the disc is generated to constrain the geometric parameters of the disc and to explore the presence of a second belt. We perform a photometric analysis of the data and compare disc brightness in two bands in scattered and in polarized light.
Results. We observe an axisymmetric planetesimal belt with a radius of ~2′′, an inclination of 85.8° ± 0.7° and position angle of 278.9° ± 0.1°. The photometric analysis shows that the west side is ~2.5 times brighter in total intensity than the east side in both bands, while for polarized light in the J band this ratio is only 1.25. We also find that the J–H colour of the disc appears to be red for the radial separations r ≲ 2′′ and is getting bluer for the larger separations. The maximum polarization fraction is 15–20% at r ~ 2.5′′. The polarized intensity image shows some structural features inside the belt which can be interpreted as an additional inner belt.
Conclusions. The apparent change of disc colour from red to blue with an increasing radial separation from the star could be explained by the decreasing average grain size with distance. The presence of an inner belt slightly inclined with respect to the main planetesimal belt is suspected from the data but the analysis and modelling presented here cannot establish a firm conclusion due to the faintness of the disc and its high inclination.
Key words: planetary systems / stars: individual: HD15115 / techniques: high angular resolution / techniques: polarimetric / techniques: image processing / infrared: planetary systems
© ESO 2019