Azimuthal asymmetries in the debris disk around HD 61005
1 Instituto de Física y Astronomía, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad de Valparaíso, Av. Gran Bretaña 1111, Playa Ancha, Valparaíso, Chile
2 ICM nucleus on protoplanetary disks, Protoplanetary discs in ALMA Early Science, Universidad de Valparaíso, Valparaíso, Chile
3 Max-Planck Institut für Astronomie, Königstuhl 17, 69117 Heidelberg, Germany
4 Departamento de Astronomía, Universidad de Chile, Casilla 36-D, Santiago, Chile
5 Konkoly Observatory, Research Centre for Astronomy and Earth Sciences, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, PO Box 67, 1525 Budapest, Hungary
6 European Southern Observatory (ESO), Alonso de Córdova 3107, Vitacura, Casilla 19001, Santiago, Chile
7 Institute for Astronomy, ETH Zurich, Wolfgang-Pauli-Strasse 27, 8093 Zurich, Switzerland
8 Univ. Grenoble Alpes, Institut de Planétologie et d’Astrophysique de Grenoble (IPAG, UMR 5274), 38000 Grenoble, France
9 CNRS, Institut de Planétologie et d’Astrophysique de Grenoble (IPAG, UMR 5274), 38000 Grenoble, France
10 LESIA, Observatoire de Paris, CNRS, Université Pierre et Marie Curie 6 and Université Denis Diderot Paris 7, 5 place Jules Janssen, 92195 Meudon, France
11 Astronomical Institute Anton Pannekoek, University of Amsterdam, PO Box 94249, 1090 GE Amsterdam, The Netherlands
12 INAF Osservatorio Astronomico di Padova, Vicolo dell’Osservatorio 5, 35122 Padova, Italy
13 Department of Astronomy, Stockholm University, AlbaNova University Center, 10691 Stockholm, Sweden
14 CNRS, Centre de Recherche Astrophysique de Lyon, Observatoire de Lyon, École Normale Supérieure de Lyon, Université Lyon 1, 9 avenue Charles André, Saint-Genis Laval, 69230, France
15 Aix-Marseille Université, CNRS, LAM (Laboratoire d’Astrophysique de Marseille) UMR 7326, 13388 Marseille, France
16 UMI-FCA, CNRS/INSU France, and Departamento de Astronomía, Universidad de Chile, Casilla 36-D Santiago, Chile
Received: 26 January 2016
Accepted: 16 April 2016
Context. Debris disks offer valuable insights into the latest stages of circumstellar disk evolution, and can possibly help us to trace the outcomes of planetary formation processes. In the age range 10 to 100 Myr, most of the gas is expected to have been removed from the system, giant planets (if any) must have already been formed, and the formation of terrestrial planets may be on-going. Pluto-sized planetesimals, and their debris released in a collisional cascade, are under their mutual gravitational influence, which may result into non-axisymmetric structures in the debris disk.
Aims. High angular resolution observations are required to investigate these effects and constrain the dynamical evolution of debris disks. Furthermore, multi-wavelength observations can provide information about the dust dynamics by probing different grain sizes.
Methods. Here we present new VLT/SPHERE and ALMA observations of the debris disk around the 40 Myr-old solar-type star HD 61005. We resolve the disk at unprecedented resolution both in the near-infrared (in scattered and polarized light) and at millimeter wavelengths. We perform a detailed modeling of these observations, including the spectral energy distribution.
Results. Thanks to the new observations, we propose a solution for both the radial and azimuthal distribution of the dust grains in the debris disk. We find that the disk has a moderate eccentricity (e ~ 0.1) and that the dust density is two times larger at the pericenter compared to the apocenter.
Conclusions. With no giant planets detected in our observations, we investigate alternative explanations besides planet-disk interactions to interpret the inferred disk morphology. We postulate that the morphology of the disk could be the consequence of a massive collision between ~1000 km-sized bodies at ~61 au. If this interpretation holds, it would put stringent constraints on the formation of massive planetesimals at large distances from the star.
Key words: circumstellar matter / zodiacal dust / techniques: high angular resolution
Based on observations made with ESO Telescopes at the Paranal Observatory under programs ID 095.C-0298 and 095.C-0273. Based on Herschel observations, OBSIDs: 1342270977, 1342270978, 1342270979, 1342270989, and 1342255147. Herschel is an ESA space observatory with science instruments provided by European-led Principal Investigator consortia and with important participation from NASA.
The reduced images as FITS files, and data of Fig. 1 are only available at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (22.214.171.124) or via http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/qcat?J/A+A/591/A108
© ESO, 2016