Laboratory spectroscopic study of isotopic thioformaldehyde, H2CS, and determination of its equilibrium structure⋆
I. Physikalisches Institut, Universität zu Köln, Zülpicher Str. 77, 50937 Köln, Germany
2 Department of Physics, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210-1107, USA
Accepted: 22 November 2018
Context. Thioformaldehyde is an abundant molecule in various regions of the interstellar medium. However, available laboratory data limit the accuracies of calculated transition frequencies in the submillimeter region, in particular for minor isotopic species.
Aims. We aim to determine spectroscopic parameters of isotopologs of H2CS that are accurate enough for predictions well into the submillimeter region.
Methods. We investigated the laboratory rotational spectra of numerous isotopic species in natural isotopic composition almost continuously between 110 and 377 GHz. Individual lines were studied for most species in two frequency regions between 566 and 930 GHz. Further data were obtained for the three most abundant species in the 1290−1390 GHz region.
Results. New or improved spectroscopic parameters were determined for seven isotopic species. Quantum-chemical calculations were carried out to evaluate the differences between ground state and equilibrium rotational parameters to derive semi-empirical equilibrium structural parameters.
Conclusions. The spectroscopic parameters are accurate enough for predictions well above 1 THz with the exception of H213C34S where the predictions should be reliable to around 700 GHz.
Key words: molecular data / methods: laboratory: molecular / techniques: spectroscopic / radio lines: ISM / ISM: molecules / astrochemistry
Transition frequencies from this work as well as related data from earlier work are given for each isotopic species as supplementary material. Given are also quantum numbers, uncertainties, and residuals between measured frequencies and those calculated from the final sets of spectroscopic parameters. The data are only available at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (188.8.131.52) or via http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/qcat?J/A+A/621/A143
© ESO 2019