Volume 620, December 2018
|Number of page(s)
|07 December 2018
Temperature constraints from inversions of synthetic solar optical, UV, and radio spectra
Institute for Solar Physics, Department of Astronomy, Stockholm University, AlbaNova University Centre, 106 91 Stockholm, Sweden
Accepted: 21 September 2018
Context. High-resolution observations of the solar chromosphere at millimeter wavelengths are now possible with the Atacama Large Millimeter Array (ALMA), bringing with them the promise of tackling many open problems in solar physics. Observations from other ground and space-based telescopes will greatly benefit from coordinated endeavors with ALMA, yet the diagnostic potential of combined optical, ultraviolet and mm observations has remained mostly unassessed.
Aims. In this paper we investigate whether mm-wavelengths could aid current inversion schemes to retrieve a more accurate representation of the temperature structure of the solar atmosphere.
Methods. We performed several non-LTE inversion experiments of the emergent spectra from a snapshot of 3D radiation-MHD simulation. We included common line diagnostics such as Ca II H, K, 8542 Å and Mg II h and k, taking into account partial frequency redistribution effects, along with the continuum around 1.2 mm and 3 mm.
Results. We find that including the mm-continuum in inversions allows a more accurate inference of temperature as function of optical depth. The addition of ALMA bands to other diagnostics should improve the accuracy of the inferred chromospheric temperatures between log τ ∼ [−6, −4.5] where the Ca II and Mg II lines are weakly coupled to the local conditions. However, we find that simultaneous multiatom, non-LTE inversions of optical and UV lines present equally strong constraints in the lower chromosphere and thus are not greatly improved by the 1.2 mm band. Nonetheless, the 3 mm band is still needed to better constrain the mid-upper chromosphere.
Key words: Sun: atmosphere / Sun: chromosphere / Sun: radio radiation / radiative transfer
© ESO 2018
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