Volume 620, December 2018
|Number of page(s)||25|
|Section||Catalogs and data|
|Published online||14 December 2018|
Long-term optical monitoring of TeV emitting blazars
I. Data analysis⋆
Finnish Centre for Astronomy with ESO (FINCA), University of Turku, Quantum, Vesilinnantie 5, 20014
2 Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Turku, 20014 Finland
3 Agenzia Spaziale Italiana (ASI) Science Data Center, 00133 Roma, Italy
4 Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Sezione di Perugia, 06123 Perugia, Italy
5 Aalto University Metsähovi Radio Observatory, Metsähovintie 114, 02540 Kylmälä, Finland
6 Aalto University Department of Radio Science and Engineering, PO Box 13000 00076 Aalto, Finland
7 Dipartimento di Fisica, Università degli Studi di Torino, Via P. Giuria 1, 10125 Torino, Italy
8 Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (INFN), Via P. Giuria 1, 10125 Torino, Italy
9 Department of Physics, University of Bath, Claverton Down, Bath, BA2 7AY UK
Accepted: 27 September 2018
We present ten years of R-band monitoring data of 31 northern blazars which were either detected at very high-energy (VHE) gamma rays or listed as potential VHE gamma-ray emitters. The data comprise 11 820 photometric data points in the R-band obtained in 2002–2012. We analyzed the light curves by determining their power spectral density (PSD) slopes assuming a power-law dependence with a single slope β and a Gaussian probability density function (PDF). We used the multiple fragments variance function (MFVF) combined with a forward-casting approach and likelihood analysis to determine the slopes and perform extensive simulations to estimate the uncertainties of the derived slopes. We also looked for periodic variations via Fourier analysis and quantified the false alarm probability through a large number of simulations. Comparing the obtained PSD slopes to values in the literature, we find the slopes in the radio band to be steeper than those in the optical and gamma rays. Our periodicity search yielded one target, Mrk 421, with a significant (p < 5%) period. Finding one significant period among 31 targets is consistent with the expected false alarm rate, but the period found in Mrk 421 is very strong and deserves further consideration.
Key words: galaxies: active / BL Lacertae objects: general / methods: data analysis
31 Photometric tables are only available at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (18.104.22.168) or via http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/qcat?J/A+A/620/A185
© ESO 2018
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