Volume 620, December 2018
|Number of page(s)||18|
|Section||Catalogs and data|
|Published online||04 December 2018|
The X-ray catalog of spectroscopically identified Galactic O stars
Investigating the dependence of X-ray luminosity on stellar and wind parameters⋆
Observatoire Astronomique de Strasbourg,Université de Strasbourg, CNRS, UMR 7550, 11 rue de l’Université, 67000
2 Institute of Physics and Astronomy, University of Potsdam, 14476 Potsdam, Germany
3 Department of Astronomy, Kazan Federal University, Kremlevskaya Str 18, Kazan, Russia
Accepted: 3 August 2018
The X-ray emission of O-type stars was first discovered in the early days of the Einstein satellite. Since then many different surveys have confirmed that the ratio of X-ray to bolometric luminosity in O-type stars is roughly constant, but there is a paucity of studies that account for detailed information on spectral and wind properties of O-stars. Recently a significant sample of O stars within our Galaxy was spectroscopically identified and presented in the Galactic O-Star Spectroscopic Survey (GOSS). At the same time, a large high-fidelity catalog of X-ray sources detected by the XMM-Newton X-ray telescope was released. Here we present the X-ray catalog of O stars with known spectral types and investigate the dependence of their X-ray properties on spectral type as well as stellar and wind parameters. We find that, among the GOSS sample, 127 O-stars have a unique XMM-Newton source counterpart and a Gaia data release 2 (DR2) association. Terminal velocities are known for a subsample of 35 of these stars. We confirm that the X-ray luminosities of dwarf and giant O stars correlate with their bolometric luminosity. For the subsample of O stars with measure terminal velocities we find that the X-ray luminosities of dwarf and giant O stars also correlate with wind parameters. However, we find that these correlations break down for supergiant stars. Moreover, we show that supergiant stars are systematically harder in X-rays compared to giant and dwarf O-type stars. We find that the X-ray luminosity depends on spectral type, but seems to be independent of whether the stars are single or in a binary system. Finally, we show that the distribution of log(LX/Lbol) in our sample stars is non-Gaussian, with the peak of the distribution at log(LX/Lbol) ≈ −6.6.
Key words: stars: massive / X-rays: stars
The X-ray catalog is only available at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (220.127.116.11) or via http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/qcat?J/A+A/620/A89
© ESO 2018
Open Access article, published by EDP Sciences, under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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